Paul Ramchandani

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BACKGROUND Depression is common and frequently affects mothers and fathers of young children. Postnatal depression in mothers affects the quality of maternal care, and can lead to disturbances in their children's social, behavioural, cognitive, and physical development. However, the effect of depression in fathers during the early years of a child's life(More)
IMPORTANCE Some small studies suggest that maternal postnatal depression is a risk factor for offspring adolescent depression. However, to our knowledge, no large cohort studies have addressed this issue. Furthermore, only 1 small study has examined the association between antenatal depression and later offspring depression. Understanding these associations(More)
BACKGROUND Children who have been maltreated are at increased risk of further maltreatment. Competent identification of those at highest risk of further maltreatment is an important part of safe and effective practice, but is a complex and demanding task. AIM To systematically review the research base predicting those children at highest risk of recurrent(More)
BACKGROUND Despite differences in how it is defined, there is a general consensus amongst clinicians and researchers that the sexual abuse of children and adolescents ('child sexual abuse') is a substantial social problem worldwide. The effects of sexual abuse manifest in a wide range of symptoms, including fear, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and(More)
Significant levels of prenatal depression are reported from the Indian subcontinent (25–45%). A wide variety of measures have been used to screen for prenatal depression in western research. However, little evidence exists on the use of such measures in the context of the developing world. The objective of this study was to assess the validity of the(More)
BACKGROUND Postnatal depression commonly affects women after the birth of a child, and is associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes for their children. A wide variety of measures have been used to screen for depression in the postnatal period but little research has investigated such measures with men. However depression can also affect men at(More)
OBJECTIVE Postnatal depression in women is associated with adverse effects on both maternal health and children's development. It is unclear whether depression in men at this time poses comparable risks. The present study set out to assess the association between depression in men in the postnatal period and later psychiatric disorders in their children and(More)
OBJECTIVE Recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) is one of the most common complaints of childhood and is associated with several adverse outcomes in adulthood. Few large, population-based, longitudinal studies have been conducted. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and epidemiologic features of RAP through early childhood. DESIGN We(More)
BACKGROUND Depression in fathers in the postnatal period is associated with an increased risk of behavioural problems in their offspring, particularly for boys. The aim of this study was to examine for differential effects of depression in fathers on children's subsequent psychological functioning via a natural experiment comparing prenatal and postnatal(More)
BACKGROUND Postnatal depression can have a significant impact on both maternal and child health. There have been very few studies undertaken in the developing world to identify women at risk of postnatal depression. The present study aimed to investigate risk factors for the occurrence of postnatal depression in urban South African women. METHOD A large(More)