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The transactivation properties of the two estrogen receptors, ERalpha and ERbeta, were examined with different ligands in the context of an estrogen response element and an AP1 element. ERalpha and ERbeta were shown to signal in opposite ways when complexed with the natural hormone estradiol from an AP1 site: with ERalpha, 17beta-estradiol activated(More)
We find that tamoxifen is a potent activator of estrogen receptor (ER)- mediated induction of promoters regulated by AP-1 sites including the human collagenase gene promoter and constructs in which an AP-1 site is fused to the herpes thymidine kinase promoter. This contrasts with the inability of tamoxifen to activate otherwise identical promoters bearing(More)
The tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) promoter was used to explore the molecular mechanisms of estradiol (E(2))-dependent repression of gene transcription. E(2) inhibited basal activity and abolished TNF-alpha activation of the TNF-alpha promoter. The E(2)-inhibitory element was mapped to the -125 to -82 region of the TNF-alpha promoter, known as the(More)
We describe the biological properties of NVP-AUY922, a novel resorcinylic isoxazole amide heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) inhibitor. NVP-AUY922 potently inhibits HSP90 (K(d) = 1.7 nmol/L) and proliferation of human tumor cells with GI(50) values of approximately 2 to 40 nmol/L, inducing G(1)-G(2) arrest and apoptosis. Activity is independent of(More)
We have characterized steroid response elements in mouse mammary tumour virus (MMTV) by transient transfection. Four partial inverted repeats of the sequence TGTTCT function as response elements for androgen, as well as for glucocorticoid and progestins, although the relative hormone inductions mediated by each oligonucleotide were different. Mutational(More)
Thyroid hormones [predominantly 3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine (T3)] regulate cholesterol and lipoprotein metabolism, but cardiac effects restrict their use as hypolipidemic drugs. T3 binds to thyroid hormone receptors (TRs) alpha and beta. TRbeta is the predominant isoform in liver, whereas T3 effects on heart rate are mediated mostly by TRalpha. Drugs that(More)
Estrogen receptor (ER) binds to estrogen response elements in target genes and recruits a coactivator complex of CBP-pl60 that mediates stimulation of transcription. ER also activates transcription at AP-1 sites that bind the Jun/Fos transcription factors, but not ER. We review the evidence regarding mechanisms whereby ER increases the activity of Jun/Fos(More)
Induction of cyclin D1 gene transcription by estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) plays an important role in estrogen-mediated proliferation. There is no classical estrogen response element in the cyclin D1 promoter, and induction by ERalpha has been mapped to an alternative response element, a cyclic AMP-response element at -57, with possible participation of(More)
Estrogens and glucocorticoids often act in opposition to regulate physiological responses. We investigated whether this might reflect the opposing actions of hormone-bound receptors on target genes regulated by the AP-1 response element. We performed a series of transfection experiments in which transcriptional activation, mediated by the AP-1 response(More)