Paul R Standley

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Tamoxifen (Tx) has been used in breast cancer treatment and prophylaxis because of its antiestrogenic activity; however, Tx may also have beneficial cardiovascular effects and other actions mediated by mechanisms other than estrogen receptors. Previous studies showing interactions of Tx with Ca+(+)-channel blockers suggested that Tx may affect Ca++(More)
Previous studies have shown that 17 beta-estradiol (beta-E2) has a direct acute inhibitory effect on vascular smooth muscle (VSM) contraction. To investigate the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon, we utilized whole cell patch-clamping techniques to study effects of beta-E2 on voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels in cultured VSM cells (VSMC). T- and L-type(More)
CONTEXT Normal physiologic movement, pathologic conditions, and osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) are believed to produce effects on the shape and proliferation of human fibroblasts. Studies of biophysically strained fibroblasts would be useful in producing a model of the cellular mechanisms underlying OMT. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of(More)
Subtle abnormalities of carbohydrate metabolism and overt diabetes mellitus are both associated with a substantial increase in the prevalence of hypertension and the accelerated development of atherosclerosis. Hypertension is also a presumed independent risk factor for atherosclerosis, although some of the atherogenic properties of hypertension may be(More)
BACKGROUND Ionized magnesium levels are elevated in fetal blood compared with maternal blood, suggesting that the placenta may possess an active transport mechanism for magnesium. In the present study, we sought to determine the existence of an active transport mechanism for magnesium in the placenta using cultured trophoblast cells. METHODS Using(More)
The early stages of weight loss are associated with a reduction in blood pressure, and the mechanisms mediating this reduction remain unclear. Platelet free calcium levels, [Ca2+]i, have been reported to be elevated in essential hypertension and to decrease with pharmacological treatment of the hypertension. In the current study, 18 obese subjects had(More)
Insulin attenuates agonist-induced vascular contractility of aortic rings and decreases vasopressin (AVP)-elicited increases in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i). To determine if insulin's effects on AVP-induced [Ca2+]i responses are altered in an insulin-resistant and hypertensive state, we studied vascular smooth muscle(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) hypertrophy and proliferation occur in response to strain-induced local and systemic inflammatory cytokines and growth factors which may contribute to hypertension, atherosclerosis, and restenosis. We hypothesize VSMC strain, modeling normotensive arterial pressure waveforms in vitro, results in attenuated(More)
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) subjected to acute or chronic stretch display enhanced growth rates in vitro and in vivo. Clinical examples of vascular hyperplasia (e.g., systolic hypertension and postinjury restenosis) suggest that local insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) expression is enhanced. Therefore, we investigated the role of in vitro cyclic(More)
OBJECTIVE In this study we modeled repetitive motion strain (RMS) and myofascial release (MFR) in vitro to investigate possible cellular and molecular mechanisms to potentially explain the immediate clinical outcomes associated with RMS and MFR. METHOD Cultured human fibroblasts were strained with 8h RMS, 60s MFR and combined treatment; RMS+MFR.(More)