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Tamoxifen (Tx) has been used in breast cancer treatment and prophylaxis because of its antiestrogenic activity; however, Tx may also have beneficial cardiovascular effects and other actions mediated by mechanisms other than estrogen receptors. Previous studies showing interactions of Tx with Ca+(+)-channel blockers suggested that Tx may affect Ca++(More)
Previous studies have shown that 17 beta-estradiol (beta-E2) has a direct acute inhibitory effect on vascular smooth muscle (VSM) contraction. To investigate the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon, we utilized whole cell patch-clamping techniques to study effects of beta-E2 on voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels in cultured VSM cells (VSMC). T- and L-type(More)
OBJECTIVE In this study we modeled repetitive motion strain (RMS) and myofascial release (MFR) in vitro to investigate possible cellular and molecular mechanisms to potentially explain the immediate clinical outcomes associated with RMS and MFR. METHOD Cultured human fibroblasts were strained with 8h RMS, 60s MFR and combined treatment; RMS+MFR.(More)
BACKGROUND Ionized magnesium levels are elevated in fetal blood compared with maternal blood, suggesting that the placenta may possess an active transport mechanism for magnesium. In the present study, we sought to determine the existence of an active transport mechanism for magnesium in the placenta using cultured trophoblast cells. METHODS Using(More)
CONTEXT Normal physiologic movement, pathologic conditions, and osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) are believed to produce effects on the shape and proliferation of human fibroblasts. Studies of biophysically strained fibroblasts would be useful in producing a model of the cellular mechanisms underlying OMT. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) hypertrophy and proliferation occur in response to strain-induced local and systemic inflammatory cytokines and growth factors which may contribute to hypertension, atherosclerosis, and restenosis. We hypothesize VSMC strain, modeling normotensive arterial pressure waveforms in vitro, results in attenuated(More)
BACKGROUND Although preeclampsia is an important and relatively common medical problem, its pathophysiology remains unresolved and the search for a biochemical marker that precedes the hemodynamic abnormalities of preeclampsia continues. We designed a study to investigate the hemodynamic changes that characterize preeclampsia and to evaluate the metabolism(More)
Pioglitazone, an insulin-sensitizing, antidiabetic agent, has blood pressure-lowering effects in insulin-resistant hypertensive rats and attenuates growth factor-induced increases of intracellular Ca2+ in rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cells. To determine whether modulation of voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels plays a role in this association, we(More)
Insulin attenuates the contractile responses of vascular smooth muscle (VSM) to various agonists. Insulinopenic and insulin-resistant rats lack this normal attenuation of vascular contractile responses. To study this attenuating mechanism, the effects of insulin on calcium (Ca2+) responses of cultured VSM cells (a7r5) to arginine vasopressin (AVP) and(More)
Subtle abnormalities of carbohydrate metabolism and overt diabetes mellitus are both associated with a substantial increase in the prevalence of hypertension and the accelerated development of atherosclerosis. Hypertension is also a presumed independent risk factor for atherosclerosis, although some of the atherogenic properties of hypertension may be(More)