Paul R. Skolnik

Learn More
Infectious and inflammatory diseases have repeatedly shown strong genetic associations within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC); however, the basis for these associations remains elusive. To define host genetic effects on the outcome of a chronic viral infection, we performed genome-wide association analysis in a multiethnic cohort of HIV-1(More)
BACKGROUND Initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) results in higher total CD4 cell counts, a surrogate for immune reconstitution. Whether the baseline CD4 cell count affects reconstitution of immune cell subsets has not been well characterized. METHODS Using data from 978 patients (621 with comprehensive immunological assessments) from the(More)
BACKGROUND Finding the optimal strategy for Pneumocystis carinii prophylaxis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection can be problematic. Several prophylactic regimens are available, but their relative efficacy and tolerance are not well understood. METHODS A meta-analysis overviewed 35 randomized trials comparing different regimens for P(More)
Self-reported measures of antiretroviral adherence vary greatly in recall time periods and response tasks. To determine which time frame is most accurate, we compared 3-, 7-day, and 1-month self-reports with data from medication event monitoring system (MEMS). To determine which response task is most accurate we compared three different 1-month self-report(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the nutritional changes that occur in HIV-infected patients receiving protease inhibitor (PI) therapy and to determine the effects of PI treatment on physical functioning and health perceptions in patients with HIV infection. DESIGN Longitudinal data analysis of 38 patients from a large Nutrition and HIV cohort. METHODS Patients(More)
BACKGROUND Chemokine coreceptor use impacts both the natural history of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) disease and the potential use of a new class of antiretroviral agents, the CCR5 inhibitors. METHODS We analyzed HIV-infected patients who were screened for participation in Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Clinical Trial Group(More)
Adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) represents one of the strongest predictors of progression to AIDS, yet it is difficult for most patients to sustain high levels of adherence. This study compares the efficacy of a personalized cell phone reminder system (ARemind) in enhancing adherence to ART versus a beeper. Twenty-three HIV-infected subjects on(More)
Metabolic disorders in HIV-infected patients, especially those receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimens containing protease inhibitors, are associated with insulin resistance. These metabolic disorders include fat redistribution, diabetes, and hypertriglyceridemia. Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are used to treat patients with diabetes(More)
The envelope protein (gp120) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) contains highly conserved mannosylated oligosaccharides. These glycoconjugates contribute to resistance to antibody neutralization, and binding to cell surface lectins on macrophages and dendritic cells. Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) binds to gp120 and plays a role in defence against the(More)
The increasing use of corticosteroids, immune modulators, and biologics as a mainstay of therapy in certain Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis patients have placed these inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients at increased risk for a variety of infections, many of which are preventable by prior vaccination. This article provides a review of the issues(More)