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Chlamydia trachomatis remains one of the few major human pathogens for which there is no transformation system. C. trachomatis has a unique obligate intracellular developmental cycle. The extracellular infectious elementary body (EB) is an infectious, electron-dense structure that, following host cell infection, differentiates into a non-infectious(More)
The por A gene, which encodes expression of meningococcal class 1 outer membrane protein, responsible for antigenic subtype specificity, has been cloned and sequenced in an isolate of Neisseria meningitidis (B:15:P1.7,16) from a patient in the Gloucester area with meningococcal meningitis. Comparison of the sequence with that of the equivalent gene from the(More)
BACKGROUND Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common cause of sexually transmitted infections globally and the leading cause of preventable blindness in the developing world. There are two biovariants of C. trachomatis: 'trachoma', causing ocular and genital tract infections, and the invasive 'lymphogranuloma venereum' strains. Recently, a new variant of the(More)
BACKGROUND Chlamydia trachomatis is a major human pathogen with a unique obligate intracellular developmental cycle that takes place inside a modified cytoplasmic structure known as an inclusion. Following entry into a cell, the infectious elementary body (EB) differentiates into a non-infectious replicative form known as a reticulate body (RB). RBs divide(More)
Small round-structured viruses (SRSVs), also known as Norwalk or Norwalk-like viruses, are the major worldwide cause of acute, epidemic nonbacterial gastroenteritis in humans. These viruses, which contain a single-stranded RNA genome, have remained refractory to molecular characterization because of the small amounts of virus in clinical samples and the(More)
Comparisons of the RNA polymerase and capsid sequences of small round structured viruses (SRSVs) have recently shown these are genetically diverse viruses which fall into two distinct groups. The genomes of two group I viruses, Southampton and Norwalk viruses have been characterized; however, similar data for the genetic group II SRSVs have not been(More)
Jena virus (JV) is a noncultivatable bovine enteric calicivirus associated with diarrhea in calves and was first described in Jena, Germany. The virus was serially passaged 11 times in colostrum-deprived newborn calves and caused diarrheal disease symptoms at each passage. The complete JV genome sequence was determined by using cDNA made from partially(More)
A cDNA library was prepared from poly(A)+ RNA extracted from respiratory syncytial (RS) virus-infected HEp-2 cells. A recombinant plasmid, pRSP68, encoding the RS virus phosphoprotein gene was identified by translation in vitro of hybrid-selected mRNA. The cloned cDNA insert of 1 kb was sequenced and a polypeptide of 241 amino acids with a molecular weight(More)
The human antibody response to respiratory syncytial (RS) virus infection was investigated using radioimmunoprecipitation analysis (RIPA). A total of nine RS virus-specific proteins, VP200, VGP95, VP68, VGP48, VPN41, VP35, VP27, VP23 and VGP20 were identified by comparing 35S- or 3H-labelled extracts of infected and uninfected HEp-2 cells, and by(More)
Our study had three objectives: to extend the plasmid-based transformation protocol to a clinical isolate of C. trachomatis belonging to the trachoma biovar, to provide "proof of principle" that it is possible to "knock out" selected plasmid genes (retaining a replication competent plasmid) and to investigate the plasticity of the plasmid. A recently(More)