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Chlamydia trachomatis remains one of the few major human pathogens for which there is no transformation system. C. trachomatis has a unique obligate intracellular developmental cycle. The extracellular infectious elementary body (EB) is an infectious, electron-dense structure that, following host cell infection, differentiates into a non-infectious(More)
Chlamydiae are obligate intracellular pathogens that have a unique developmental cycle. Thirty nine viable isolates representing all nine currently recognised chlamydial species were screened by immunofluorescence with a cross-reacting chlamydiaphage monoclonal antibody. A novel chlamydiaphage (Chp3) was detected in C. pecorum, a chlamydial species not(More)
Jena virus (JV) is a bovine enteric calicivirus that causes diarrhea in calves. The virus is approximately 30 nm in diameter and has a surface morphology similar to the human Norwalk virus. The genome sequence of JV was recently described, and the virus has been assigned to the genus Norovirus of the family CALICIVIRIDAE: In the present study, the JV capsid(More)
Comparisons of the proteome of abortifacient Chlamydia psittaci isolates from sheep by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis identified a novel abundant protein with a molecular mass of 61.4 kDa and an isoelectric point of 6.41. C-terminal sequence analysis of this protein yielded a short peptide sequence that had an identical match to the viral coat protein(More)
Studying the replication of the chlamydiaphages presents significant challenges. Their host bacteria, chlamydiae, have a unique obligate intracellular developmental cycle. Using qPCR, immunochemistry, and electron microscopy, the life cycle of chlamydiaphage Chp2 was characterised. Chp2 infection has a dramatic inhibitory effect on bacterial cell division.(More)
The application of molecular techniques to the characterization of caliciviruses has resulted in an extensive database of sequence information. This information has led to the identification of 4 distinct genera. The human enteric caliciviruses have been assigned to 2 of these genera. This division is reflected not only in sequence diversity but in a(More)
A novel, sequence-independent strategy has been developed for the amplification of full-length cDNA copies of the genes of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) viruses. Using human (Bristol) group C rotavirus as an example, a single amino-linked modified oligonucleotide (primer 1) was ligated to either end of each dsRNA genome segment by using T4 RNA ligase.(More)
Rhinoviruses and enteroviruses are the major members of the picornavirus genus that cause human disease. We compared the polymerase chain reaction and viral culture for the identification of picornaviruses in nasal aspirates from children during episodes of respiratory symptoms and when asymptomatic and from asymptomatic adults. One hundred eight children,(More)
The por A gene, which encodes expression of meningococcal class 1 outer membrane protein, responsible for antigenic subtype specificity, has been cloned and sequenced in an isolate of Neisseria meningitidis (B:15:P1.7,16) from a patient in the Gloucester area with meningococcal meningitis. Comparison of the sequence with that of the equivalent gene from the(More)
A genomic clone of the small, round-structured virus Southampton virus (SV) was constructed from a set of overlapping PCR amplicons. Sequence analysis confirmed the absence of mutations and accurate ligation of the PCR products. The SV cDNA was cloned into a vector for in vitro production of RNA and subsequent translation by rabbit reticulocyte lysate. Two(More)