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Frailty is a clinical state in which there is an increase in an individual's vulnerability for developing increased dependency and/or mortality when exposed to a stressor. Frailty can occur as the result of a range of diseases and medical conditions. A consensus group consisting of delegates from 6 major international, European, and US societies created 4(More)
When prescribing for the older adult, the office-based physician walks the fine line between introducing the drugs that are considered best practices for each disease that the person has and acknowledging that as the number of drugs increases, the risks of adverse drug reactions, drug-drug interactions, or drug-disease interactions increase considerably.(More)
Antibiotic usage patterns were studied in two nonproprietary nursing homes that included 720 intermediate care and skilled nursing home beds. Medical records of residents receiving antibiotics were reviewed every fourth month for 1 year. Of 181 antibiotic prescriptions written for indications other than prophylaxis, 41% were for presumed urinary tract(More)
Marginalization of physicians in the nursing home threatens the overall care of increasingly frail nursing home residents who have medically complex illnesses. The authors propose that creating a nursing home medicine specialty, which recognizes the nursing home as a unique practice site, would go a long way toward remedying existing problems with care in(More)
Nursing Home-Acquired Pneumonia is a significant infection that is often seen in the long-term care setting. It is associated with substantial morbidity, healthcare expenditure, and mortality rates as high as 44%. Uniform diagnosis and therapeutic strategies have not been specifically established for pneumonia in the nursing home setting. This paper will(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the applicability of process-of-care quality indicators (QIs) to vulnerable elders and to measure the effect of excluding indicators based on patients' preferences and for advanced dementia and poor prognosis. DESIGN The Assessing Care of Vulnerable Elders (ACOVE) project employed 203 QIs for care of 22 conditions (including six(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe physician medical practice in nursing homes, including actual time spent for routine encounters with nursing home residents and demographic characteristics of the physicians who serve as medical directors; to determine the congruence between actual time spent for routine encounters with nursing home residents and the physician's view(More)
There is much ambiguity regarding the term "nursing home" in the international literature. The definition of a nursing home and the type of assistance provided in a nursing home is quite varied by country. The International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics and AMDA foundation developed a survey to assist with an international consensus on the(More)