Paul R. Graupner

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Although N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) and methylmethanesulfonate (MMS) cause injury and malondialdehyde formation in rat hepatocytes, MNNG toxicity is much more sensitive to inhibition by antioxidants. In order to quantify the relationship between toxicity and antioxidation potential, we compared 14 antioxidants that protected against MNNG(More)
BACKGROUND The novel natural product cinnacidin was isolated from a fungal fermentation extract of Nectria sp. DA060097. The compound was found to contain a cyclopentalenone ring system with an isoleucine subunit linked through an amide bond. Initial biological characterization of cinnacidin suggested promising herbicidal activity. RESULTS Two synthetic(More)
The spinosyns are a family of potent and highly selective insect control agents that display a favorable environmental profile. As some regions of the spinosyn molecule are recalcitrant to chemical modification, a targeted genetic approach was carried out to generate new analogues. The polyketide synthase (PKS) loading modules from the avermectin PKS of(More)
Biosynthetic genes encoding proteins involved in the first steps of deoxyhexose biosynthesis from D-glucose-1-phosphate were expressed in Saccharopolyspora erythraea. The resulting mutant was able to accumulate and utilise TDP-L-olivose. Co-expression of the spinosyn glycosyl transferase SpnP in the resulting mutant endowed upon it the ability to(More)
A novel nucleoside phytotoxin, albucidin (1), was isolated from the culture broth of Streptomyces albus subsp. chlorinus NRRL B-24108 using bioassay directed fractionation. The structure of the new natural product, albucidin, was determined by NMR and MS; however, the compound has been reported earlier in the literature following synthetic modification of(More)
A new tetramic acid containing metabolite, A90931a has been isolated from Streptomyces sp., along with a second factor (A90931b) recently described and known as maltophilin. The structures were determined from spectroscopic data of the isolates and their acetylated products. A90931a was spectroscopically identical to the previously described antibiotic(More)
A new bacterium, Saccharopolyspora pogona (NRRL30141) was discovered which produced a series of very potent insecticidal compounds structurally related to the 'classical' (i.e., C-21-ethyl) spinosyns. A series of fermentations gave sufficient extract to allow the isolation and characterization of a total of 31 new metabolites. The majority of these(More)
[reaction: see text] We present two new diffusion-edited NMR experiments, improved DECODES and HETDECODES, that sort the constituents in a mixture by their individual diffusion coefficients. These experiments should allow the partial NMR spectral assignment and cursory structure elucidation of compounds in a complex mixture as an aid in the dereplication of(More)
A multiyear effort to identify new natural products was built on a hypothesis that both phytotoxins from plant pathogens and antimicrobial compounds might demonstrate herbicidal activity. The discovery of one such compound, mevalocidin, is described in the current report. Mevalocidin was discovered from static cultures of two unrelated fungal isolates(More)
Ten new neolignans including the 6'-oxo-8.1'-lignans cymosalignans A (1a), B (2), and C (3), an 8.O.6'-neolignan (4a), ococymosin (5a), didymochlaenone C (6a), and the bicyclo[3.2.1]octanoids 7-10 were isolated along with the known compounds 3,4,5,3',5'-pentamethoxy-1'-allyl-8.O.4'-neolignan, 3,4,5,3'-tetramethoxy-1'-allyl-8.O.4'-neolignan, didymochlaenone(More)