Paul R Findell

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The activation of protein tyrosine kinases is a critical event in T cell antigen receptor (TCR)-mediated signaling. One substrate of the TCR-activated protein tyrosine kinase pathway is a 76-kDa protein (pp76) that associates with the adaptor protein Grb2. In this report we describe the purification of pp76 and the molecular cloning of its cDNA, which(More)
T cell activation stimulates p56(lck), p59(fyn), ZAP-70, Vav-SLP-76 binding, and IL-2 transcription. Major questions concern the tyrosine-kinase and relevant site(s) needed for Vav-SLP-76 complex formation and its role in IL-2 production. Here, we show that of the three kinases, only ZAP-70 phosphorylates SLP-76 at specific sites that allow Vav SH2 domain(More)
Itk, a Tec family tyrosine kinase, acts downstream of Lck and phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase to facilitate T cell receptor (TCR)-dependent calcium influxes and increases in extracellular-regulated kinase activity. Here we demonstrate interactions between Itk and crucial components of TCR-dependent signaling pathways. First, the inositide-binding pocket of(More)
Two families of tyrosine kinases, the Src and Syk families, are required for T-cell receptor activation. While the Src kinases are responsible for phosphorylation of receptor-encoded signaling motifs and for up-regulation of ZAP-70 activity, the downstream substrates of ZAP-70 are unknown. Evidence is presented herein that the Src homology 2 (SH2)(More)
OBJECTIVE As an initial approach to understanding the basis of the systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma) phenotype, we sought to identify genes in the transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) signaling pathway that are up-regulated in lesional SSc fibroblasts relative to their normal counterparts. METHODS We used gene chip, differential display,(More)
Laminin-5, a major adhesive ligand for epithelial cells, undergoes processing of its gamma2 and alpha3 chains. This study investigated the mechanism of laminin-5 processing by keratinocytes. BI-1 (BMP-1 isoenzyme inhibitor-1), a selective inhibitor of a small group of astacin-like metalloproteinases, which includes bone morphogenetic protein 1 (BMP-1),(More)
The flexible dopamine (DA) molecule exists in one or the other of its two conformational extremes (alpha- or beta-rotamer) and its receptor in the anterior pituitary gland exists in a high and a low affinity state. A series of novel, rigid DA congeners (2-substituted octahydrobenzo[f]quinolines) was synthesized and used to investigate the conformation of DA(More)
Numerous recent studies have implicated the src homology 2 and 3 domain-containing protein, Grb2, in coupling protein tyrosine kinase signaling pathways with the Ras signaling pathway. Ligation of the T cell antigen receptor results in the activation of both a PTK, and Ras; therefore, we investigated whether Grb2 may serve a similar function in T cells.(More)
Binding sites labeled by the beta-adrenergic receptor radioligand (-)-[125I]iodocyanopindolol ([125I]ICYP) and the selective D1-subtype dopamine (DA) receptor radioligand (+)-[125I]SCH 23982 were identified on immortalized hypothalamic GnRH neurons (GT1-7 cell lines). Saturation analyses in crude particulate suspensions of GT1 cells described high affinity(More)
T cell receptor zeta (TcRzeta)/CD3 ligation initiates a signaling cascade that involves src kinases p56(lck) and zeta-associated protein 70, leading to the phosphorylation of substrates such as TcRzeta, Vav, SH2-domain-containing leukocyte protein 76 (SLP-76), cbl, and p120/130. FYN binding protein (FYB or p120/130) associates with p59(fyn), the TcRzeta/CD3(More)