Paul R C Kent

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Lithium-ion batteries have the potential to revolutionize the transportation industry, as they did for wireless communication. A judicious choice of the liquid electrolytes used in these systems is required to achieve a good balance among high-energy storage, long cycle life and stability, and fast charging. Ethylene-carbonate (EC) and propylene-carbonate(More)
We have applied the many-body ab initio diffusion quantum Monte Carlo (DMC) method to study Zn and ZnO crystals under pressure and the energetics of the oxygen vacancy, zinc interstitial, and hydrogen impurities in ZnO. We show that DMC is an accurate and practical method that can be used to characterize multiple properties of materials that are challenging(More)
A combination of density functional theory (DFT) calculations and experiments is used to shed light on the relation between surface structure and Li-ion storage capacities of the following functionalized two-dimensional (2D) transition-metal carbides or MXenes: Sc2C, Ti2C, Ti3C2, V2C, Cr2C, and Nb2C. The Li-ion storage capacities are found to strongly(More)
The higher the chemical diversity and structural complexity of two-dimensional (2D) materials, the higher the likelihood they possess unique and useful properties. Herein, density functional theory (DFT) is used to predict the existence of two new families of 2D ordered, carbides (MXenes), M'2M″C2 and M'2M″2C3, where M' and M″ are two different early(More)
Further developments are introduced in the theory of nite size errors in quantum many{body simulations of extended systems using periodic boundary conditions. We show that our recently introduced Model Periodic Coulomb interaction A. J. Williamson et al., Phys. Rev. B 55, R4851 (1997)] can be applied consistently to all Coulomb interactions in the system.(More)
Over the past two decades, continuum quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) has proved to be an invaluable tool for predicting of the properties of matter from fundamental principles. By solving the Schrödinger equation through a stochastic projection, it achieves the greatest accuracy and reliability of methods available for physical systems containing more than a few(More)
The Magnéli phase Ti4O7 is an important transition metal oxide with a wide range of applications because of its interplay between charge, spin, and lattice degrees of freedom. At low temperatures, it has non-trivial magnetic states very close in energy, driven by electronic exchange and correlation interactions. We have examined three low-lying states, one(More)
We have applied the diffusion quantum Monte Carlo (DMC) method to calculate the cohesive energy and the structural parameters of the binary oxides CaO, SrO, BaO, Sc2O3, Y2O3, and La2O3. The aim of our calculations is to systematically quantify the accuracy of the DMC method to study this type of metal oxides. The DMC results were compared with local,(More)
Rechargeable non-lithium-ion (Na(+), K(+), Mg(2+), Ca(2+), and Al(3+)) batteries have attracted great attention as emerging low-cost and high energy-density technologies for large-scale renewable energy storage applications. However, the development of these batteries is hindered by the limited choice of high-performance electrode materials. In this work,(More)
Metallic nanowires are of great interest as interconnects in nanoelectronic devices. They also represent important systems for understanding the complexity of electronic interactions and conductivity in one dimension. We have fabricated exceptionally long and uniform YSi(2) nanowires through self-assembly of yttrium atoms on Si(001). The wire widths are(More)