Learn More
The quantification of mRNA in postmortem human brain is often made complicated by confounding factors. To assess the importance of potential confounders TaqMan real-time RT-PCR was used to measure seven mRNAs (beta-actin, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), cyclophilin, microtubule-associated protein (MAP) 2, neuron-specific enolase (NSE),(More)
Protocols for activity aiming at early diagnosis and treatment of inherited breast or breastovarian cancer have been reported. Available reports on outcome of such programmes are considered here. It is concluded that the ongoing activities should continue with minor modifications. Direct evidence of a survival benefit from breast and ovarian screening is(More)
Quantification of mRNA levels in human cortical brain biopsies and autopsies was performed using a fluorogenic 5' nuclease assay. The reproducibility of the assay using replica plates was 97%-99%. Relative quantities of mRNA from 16 different genes were evaluated using a statistical approach based on ANCOVA analysis. Comparison of the relative mRNA levels(More)
Cancer chemotherapy is currently given to patients with breast carcinoma on the basis of data from response rates in patients with advanced disease, or from the results of clinical trials of adjuvant therapy. However, individual tumours may vary in their response to particular cytotoxic drugs: optimal therapy for a population of patients may not be the(More)
Expression levels of mRNA are commonly measured as a ratio of test to reference gene. The assumption is that reference genes such as beta-actin or cyclophilin are unaffected by treatment and act as steady-state controls. TaqMan real-time RT-PCR was used to test these assumptions in a rat model of cerebral ischaemia (tMCAO). Following measurement of 24(More)
Antibiotic prophylaxis has been used to good effect in the prevention of post-operative wound infections in patients undergoing gastrointestinal operations. We have assessed the use of a single dose of intravenous antibiotic (Augmentin 1.2 g), given with induction of anaesthesia as prophylaxis, against post-operative wound infection in women undergoing(More)
A substantial proportion of women with breast cancer exhibit an abnormally high radiosensitivity as measured by the frequency of chromatid breaks induced in G2-phase, PHA stimulated lymphocytes. Chromatid break frequencies were compared for a cohort of previously untreated sporadic breast cancer patients and hospital outpatient controls. In the breast(More)
Insoluble beta-amyloid deposits in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain are proteolytically derived from the membrane bound amyloid precursor protein (APP). The APP gene is differentially spliced to produce isoforms that can be classified into those containing a Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor domain (K(+), APP(751), APP(770), APRP(365) and APRP(563)), and(More)
Quantitative human mRNA data are derived from post-mortem or biopsied tissue. RNA degradation, poor replication, a large mRNA variance and confounding factors such as brain pH and age of death are often cited, however, as objections to the data's reliability. A central question is whether post-mortem human mRNA can be treated as a statistically ordered(More)