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Antibiotic prophylaxis has been used to good effect in the prevention of post-operative wound infections in patients undergoing gastrointestinal operations. We have assessed the use of a single dose of intravenous antibiotic (Augmentin 1.2 g), given with induction of anaesthesia as prophylaxis, against post-operative wound infection in women undergoing(More)
Cancer chemotherapy is currently given to patients with breast carcinoma on the basis of data from response rates in patients with advanced disease, or from the results of clinical trials of adjuvant therapy. However, individual tumours may vary in their response to particular cytotoxic drugs: optimal therapy for a population of patients may not be the(More)
One hundred and thirteen women aged 70 years or more with locoregional breast cancer were treated with tamoxifen alone as primary treatment. They were followed for a minimum of 5 years. Complete response occurred in 38 women, partial response in 17, no change in 34 and progressive disease in 24. Where progressive disease occurred, or where patients relapsed(More)
232 patients attending a breast clinic with breast pain as the primary presenting symptom were studied prospectively to define clinical syndromes and to attempt to elucidate aetiological factors. Those women in whom mastalgia was a minor aspect of their complaint, or who were primarily seeking reassurance that they did not have cancer, were excluded. Most(More)
The importance of pain as a presenting symptom of breast cancer has been assessed in a series of 240 patients with operable breast cancer over four years. From an analysis of the case histories of 36 patients the diagnosis proved difficult in one-quarter of the cancers. This is explained by the high incidence of subclinical and lobular carcinoma in the(More)
A substantial proportion of women with breast cancer exhibit an abnormally high radiosensitivity as measured by the frequency of chromatid breaks induced in G2-phase, PHA stimulated lymphocytes. Chromatid break frequencies were compared for a cohort of previously untreated sporadic breast cancer patients and hospital outpatient controls. In the breast(More)
Chemotherapy for breast cancer is given on the basis of empirical information from clinical trials, an approach which falls to take into account the known heterogeneity of chemosensitivity between patients. Previous attempts to determine chemosensitivity ex vivo have been disappointing, but in this study results from a newly developed tumor chemosensitivity(More)
We randomized 122 premenopausal women to receive tamoxifen or to undergo a surgical oophorectomy. Of 54 evaluable women treated with tamoxifen, 24% had an objective response, as compared with 21% of 53 women having an oophorectomy. The median duration of response for tamoxifen (20 months) was longer than that for surgical oophorectomy (7 months), but this(More)