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Mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene are linked to polyp formation in familial and sporadic colon cancer, but the functions of the protein are not known. We show that APC protein localizes mainly to clusters of puncta near the ends of microtubules that extend into actively migrating regions of epithelial cell membranes. This subcellular(More)
The regulation of cell growth and survival can be sub-verted by a variety of genetic defects that alter transcrip-tional programs normally responsible for controlling cell number. High throughput analysis of these gene expression patterns should ultimately lead to the identification of minimal expression profiles that will serve as common denominators in(More)
BACKGROUND Inactivation of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor suppressor protein is responsible for both inherited and sporadic forms of colon cancer. Growth control by APC may relate to its ability to downregulate beta-catenin post-translationally. In cancer, mutations in APC ablate its ability to regulate beta-catenin, and mutations in(More)
Signal transduction by beta-catenin involves its posttranslational stabilization and downstream coupling to the Lef and Tcf transcription factors. Abnormally high amounts of beta-catenin were detected in 7 of 26 human melanoma cell lines. Unusual messenger RNA splicing and missense mutations in the beta-catenin gene (CTNNB1) that result in stabilization of(More)
The adenomatous polyposis coli gene (APC) is mutated in most colon cancers. The APC protein binds to the cellular adhesion molecule beta-catenin, which is a mammalian homolog of ARMADILLO, a component of the WINGLESS signaling pathway in Drosophila development. Here it is shown that when beta-catenin is present in excess, APC binds to another component of(More)
Mutations in the human APC gene are linked to familial adenomatous polyposis and to the progression of sporadic colorectal and gastric tumors. To gain insight into APC function, APC-associated proteins were identified by immunoprecipitation experiments. Antibodies to APC precipitated a 95-kilodalton protein that was purified and identified by sequencing as(More)
Mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor suppressor gene are linked to both familial and sporadic human colon cancer. So far, a clear biological function for the APC gene product has not been determined. We assayed the activity of APC in the early Xenopus embryo, which has been established as a good model for the analysis of the signaling(More)
The rap1/Krev-1 gene encodes a ras-related protein that suppresses transformation by ras oncogenes. We have purified an 88 kd GTPase activating protein (GAP), specific for the rap1/Krev-1 gene product, from bovine brain. Based on partial amino acid sequences obtained from this protein, a 3.3 kb cDNA was isolated from a human brain library. Expression of the(More)
is Wnt-1 itself, which promotes tumorigenesis when ec-1 DNA Way topically expressed in the murine mammary gland. As South San Francisco, California 94080 a secreted ligand, Wnt activates frizzled, a cell surface receptor that engages the intracellular protein dishev-eled that in turn interferes with glycogen synthase kinase The targeted destruction of(More)