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In studies conducted in the 1960s, children previously immunized with a formalin-inactivated respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine (FI-RSV) developed a greater incidence and severity of pulmonary disease during subsequent natural RSV infection than did controls. It was previously shown that cotton rats immunized with FI-RSV or immunoaffinity-purified(More)
Tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) is a mosaic protein containing several distinct structural domains attached to the serine protease catalytic unit present at its COOH terminus. To investigate structure-function relationships in t-PA, we deleted the NH2-terminal domains, finger and epidermal growth factor, by genetic engineering. The genes for the(More)
Recombinant adenoviruses carrying the hepatitis B virus surface antigen coding sequence in the adenovirus E3 region were constructed using DNA from either adenovirus type 5 or an adenovirus type 5 E3-region deletion mutant. Both of these recombinant adenoviruses replicated as efficiently as wild-type adenovirus in all human cells tested, including the human(More)
The functional significance of the conserved amino acids within transmembrane regions II and VII of the human 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)1A receptor was analyzed by oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis followed by transient expression of the mutated receptor genes in COS-1 cells. The substitution of a conserved asparagine at position 396 (transmembrane(More)
Early region 1 of the adenovirus type 5 genome was replaced with a DNA sequence containing the gene coding for the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) flanked by the major late promoter from adenovirus 2 and processing and polyadenylylation signals from simian virus 40. In one type of hybrid virus only the adenovirus 2 major late promoter, including just 33(More)
Haemagglutinin (HA), the major surface glycoprotein of influenza virus, is a potent immunogen against which viral neutralizing antibodies are directed. Studies of the three-dimensional structure of HA have identified major antigenic sites on the molecule. We have exploited HA as a carrier for small antigenic regions (epitopes) of the HIV-1 envelope (env)(More)
As a major cause of acute and chronic liver disease as well as hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatitis B virus (HBV) continues to pose significant health problems world-wide. Recombinant hepatitis B vaccines based on adenovirus vectors have been developed to address global needs for effective control of hepatitis B infection. Although considerable progress has(More)
Using recombinant adenoviral vectors, we expressed and characterized the large, middle, and major envelope proteins of hepatitis B virus (HBV). Cells infected with the recombinant adenovirus which contained the large envelope gene (HS1.HP) expressed predominantly large envelope and small but detectable quantities of middle (4%) and major (6%) envelope(More)