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Persistent Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriers are at high risk of S. aureus infection. The present study delineates a simple strategy aimed at identifying rapidly and accurately this subset of subjects for clinical or epidemiological purposes. Ninety healthy volunteers were each identified as persistent, intermittent or non-nasal carriers of S. aureus by… (More)
BACKGROUND The management of children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is largely influenced by the development of new molecular diagnostic tests that allow the simultaneous detection of a wide range of pathogens. OBJECTIVES Evaluation of a diagnostic approach including multiplex PCR assays for revisiting the epidemiology and etiology of CAP in… (More)
Two patients with no travel history and sharing the same room were colonized by the same strain of New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase 1 (NDM-1)-producing Escherichia coli within a geographical area not endemic for this highly multidrug-resistant bacterium. It was documented an absence of an epidemiological and bacteriological link with a third patient returning… (More)
Flocked swabs (Copan) were compared to rayon swabs (Copan) for the nasal detection of Staphylococcus aureus in 90 healthy volunteers sampled sequentially during a 5-week period. The use of flocked swabs improved the number of nasal carriers (P = 0.026), the number of positive specimens (P = 0.01), and the quantity of bacteria in positive samples (P = 0.004).
The molecular diagnosis of respiratory infection can be performed using different commercial multiplex-based PCR kits whose performances have been previously compared individually to those of conventional techniques. This study compared the practicability and the diagnostic performances of six CE-marked kits available in 2011 on the French market, including… (More)
Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage is a well-defined risk factor of infection with this bacterium. The increased risk of S. aureus infection in nasal carriers is supported by the fact that the strains isolated from both colonization and infection sites are indistinguishable in most of the cases. Persistent nasal carriage seems to be associated with an… (More)
The Cepheid Xpert MRSA/SA nasal PCR assay was compared to culture for quantifying Staphylococcus aureus load from 104 nasal samples (r = 0.91, P < 0.0001). Using a bacterial load-based algorithm, the test was found able to predict the carrier state in 32 of 35 healthy volunteers (22 persistent and 13 nonpersistent carriers).
The emergence of carbapenemase-producing bacteria poses a new challenge in the management of antibiotic therapies for patients. This report describes a new method using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) for rapid detection of carbapenemase activity in enterobacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter… (More)
Three commercial chromogenic agar media were evaluated for Streptococcus agalactiae screening in 200 vaginal swabs from pregnant women. The sensitivity and specificity were 94.3% and 100% for Granada medium (bioMérieux), 100% and 90.3% for Brilliance GBS medium (Thermo Fisher Scientific), and 100% and 98.8% for ChromID STRB medium (bioMérieux), respectively.
Staphylococcal disease represents a universal burden including acute, life-threatening infections as well as chronic infections usually associated with foreign materials. Infections occur notably in permanent carriers of Staphylococcus aureus. To date, all the attempts to develop an efficacious vaccine against S. aureus have failed. Failures in vaccine… (More)