Paul Oswald Verhoeven

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BACKGROUND The management of children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is largely influenced by the development of new molecular diagnostic tests that allow the simultaneous detection of a wide range of pathogens. OBJECTIVES Evaluation of a diagnostic approach including multiplex PCR assays for revisiting the epidemiology and etiology of CAP in(More)
Two patients with no travel history and sharing the same room were colonized by the same strain of New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase 1 (NDM-1)-producing Escherichia coli within a geographical area not endemic for this highly multidrug-resistant bacterium. It was documented an absence of an epidemiological and bacteriological link with a third patient returning(More)
Persistent Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriers are at high risk of S. aureus infection. The present study delineates a simple strategy aimed at identifying rapidly and accurately this subset of subjects for clinical or epidemiological purposes. Ninety healthy volunteers were each identified as persistent, intermittent or non-nasal carriers of S. aureus by(More)
Flocked swabs (Copan) were compared to rayon swabs (Copan) for the nasal detection of Staphylococcus aureus in 90 healthy volunteers sampled sequentially during a 5-week period. The use of flocked swabs improved the number of nasal carriers (P = 0.026), the number of positive specimens (P = 0.01), and the quantity of bacteria in positive samples (P = 0.004).
The Cepheid Xpert MRSA/SA nasal PCR assay was compared to culture for quantifying Staphylococcus aureus load from 104 nasal samples (r = 0.91, P < 0.0001). Using a bacterial load-based algorithm, the test was found able to predict the carrier state in 32 of 35 healthy volunteers (22 persistent and 13 nonpersistent carriers).
The molecular diagnosis of respiratory infection can be performed using different commercial multiplex-based PCR kits whose performances have been previously compared individually to those of conventional techniques. This study compared the practicability and the diagnostic performances of six CE-marked kits available in 2011 on the French market, including(More)
Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage is a well-defined risk factor of infection with this bacterium. The increased risk of S. aureus infection in nasal carriers is supported by the fact that the strains isolated from both colonization and infection sites are indistinguishable in most of the cases. Persistent nasal carriage seems to be associated with an(More)
A multiplex real-time PCR (quantitative PCR [qPCR]) assay detecting herpes simplex virus (HSV) and varicella-zoster virus (VZV) DNA together with an internal control was developed on the BD Max platform combining automated DNA extraction and an open amplification procedure. Its performance was compared to those of PCR assays routinely used in the(More)
Staphylococcal disease represents a universal burden including acute, life-threatening infections as well as chronic infections usually associated with foreign materials. Infections occur notably in permanent carriers of Staphylococcus aureus. To date, all the attempts to develop an efficacious vaccine against S. aureus have failed. Failures in vaccine(More)
In contrast to Staphylococcus aureus intermittent nasal carriers, persistent ones have the highest risk of infection. This study reports the usefulness of a simple nasal sampling algorithm to identify the S. aureus nasal carriage state of hemodialysis patients (HPs) and their subsequent risk of infection.From a cohort of 85 HPs, 76 were screened for S.(More)