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Cytokines play a critical role in modulating the innate and adaptive immune systems. Here, we have identified from the human genomic sequence a family of three cytokines, designated interleukin 28A (IL-28A), IL-28B and IL-29, that are distantly related to type I interferons (IFNs) and the IL-10 family. We found that like type I IFNs, IL-28 and IL-29 were(More)
By exchanging portions of the AMPA receptor subunit GluR3 and the kainate receptor subunit GluR6, we have identified two discontinuous segments of approximately 150 amino acid residues each that control the agonist pharmacology of these glutamate receptors. The first segment (S1) is adjacent and N-terminal to the putative transmembrane domain 1 (TM1),(More)
Five cDNAs from the cellulolytic fungi Fusarium oxysporum that code for five distinct cellulase homologues have been cloned and sequenced. The cloning strategy exploited the hydrophobic cluster analysis-based cellulase family classification of Henrissat and Bairoch [Biochem. J. 293 (1993) 781-788] to design degenerate oligodeoxyribonucleotides (oligos) that(More)
The calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) is a G-protein-coupled receptor that displays 19-25% sequence identity to the gamma-aminobutyric acid type B (GABAB) and metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors. All three groups of receptors have a large amino-terminal domain (ATD), which for the mGlu receptors has been shown to bind the endogenous agonist. To investigate(More)
Glucagon and the glucagon receptor are a primary source of control over blood glucose concentrations and are especially important to studies of diabetes in which the loss of control over blood glucose concentrations clinically defines the disease. A complementary DNA clone for the glucagon receptor was isolated by an expression cloning strategy, and the(More)
We have cloned and characterized a second form of the human calcitonin receptor from T47D cells. It resembles the clone described by Gorn et al. [J. Clin. Invest. 90:1726-1735 (1992)] except that it lacks a 16-amino acid insert in the putative first intracellular loop. The insert-negative receptor appears to be the most abundant form, and it occurs at a(More)
Corticotroph-derived glycoprotein hormone (CGH), also referred to as thyrostimulin, is a noncovalent heterodimer of glycoprotein hormone alpha 2 (GPHA2) and glycoprotein hormone beta 5 (GPHB5). Here, we demonstrate that both subunits of CGH are expressed in the corticotroph cells of the human anterior pituitary, as well as in skin, retina, and testis. CGH(More)
Receptors for the major excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate include metabotropic (G protein-coupled) and ionotropic (glutamate-gated ion channel) types. These receptors have large, presumably extracellular, amino-terminal domains. Sensitive sequence analysis techniques indicate that the metabotropic receptor extracellular domain is similar to bacterial(More)
Glutamine:fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase (GFAT) has recently been shown to be an insulin-regulated enzyme that plays a key role in the induction of insulin resistance in cultured cells. As a first step in understanding the molecular regulation of this enzyme the human form of this enzyme has been cloned and the functional protein has been expressed(More)
We have characterized platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) C, a novel growth factor belonging to the PDGF family. PDGF-C is a multidomain protein with the N-terminal region homologous to the extracellular CUB domain of neuropilin-1, and the C-terminal region consists of a growth factor domain (GFD) with homology to vascular endothelial growth factor (25%)(More)