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By exchanging portions of the AMPA receptor subunit GluR3 and the kainate receptor subunit GluR6, we have identified two discontinuous segments of approximately 150 amino acid residues each that control the agonist pharmacology of these glutamate receptors. The first segment (S1) is adjacent and N-terminal to the putative transmembrane domain 1 (TM1),(More)
Glucagon and the glucagon receptor are a primary source of control over blood glucose concentrations and are especially important to studies of diabetes in which the loss of control over blood glucose concentrations clinically defines the disease. A complementary DNA clone for the glucagon receptor was isolated by an expression cloning strategy, and the(More)
Receptors for the major excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate include metabotropic (G protein-coupled) and ionotropic (glutamate-gated ion channel) types. These receptors have large, presumably extracellular, amino-terminal domains. Sensitive sequence analysis techniques indicate that the metabotropic receptor extracellular domain is similar to bacterial(More)
The calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) is a G-protein-coupled receptor that displays 19-25% sequence identity to the gamma-aminobutyric acid type B (GABAB) and metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors. All three groups of receptors have a large amino-terminal domain (ATD), which for the mGlu receptors has been shown to bind the endogenous agonist. To investigate(More)
A polypeptide motif characterized by the locations of six cysteines and several hydrophobic residues is found in saposins AD , sulfated glycoprotein-1, acid sphin-gomyelinase (ASM), acyloxyacyl hydrolase (AOAH), sur-factant protein B (SPB), and Entamoeba hktolytku pore-forming peptides (amoebapores) (1-4). The same motif is present, in an altered form, in(More)
BACKGROUND Type-I interferons, type-II interferons, and the IL-10 family are helical cytokines with similar three-dimensional folds. However, their homologous relationship is difficult to detect on the basis of sequence alone. We have previously described the discovery of the human type-III interferons (IFN lambda-1, -2, -3 or IL-29, IL-28A, IL-28B), which(More)
BACKGROUND We sought to identify novel islet-cell autoantigens to better understand the pathogenesis, prediction, and immunotherapy of type 1 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Macaque and human islet cDNA libraries expressed in mammalian cells were screened with human diabetes sera. A positive clone was sequenced directly and after 5' rapid amplification of(More)
The calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) belongs to family C of the G-protein-coupled receptor superfamily. To date 14 activating mutations in CaR showing increased sensitivity to Ca(2+) have been identified in humans with autosomal dominant hypocalcemia. Four of these activating mutations are found in the Ala(116)-Pro(136) region of CaR, indicating that this(More)
The metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) belong to family C of the G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily. The receptors are characterized by having unusually long amino-terminal domains (ATDs), to which agonist binding has been shown to take place. Previously, we have constructed a molecular model of the ATD of mGluR1 based on a weak amino acid(More)
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