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Bacterial pneumonia is an increasing complication of HIV infection and inversely correlates with the CD4(+) lymphocyte count. Interleukin (IL)-17 is a cytokine produced principally by CD4(+) T cells, which induces granulopoiesis via granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) production and induces CXC chemokines. We hypothesized that IL-17 receptor(More)
T cell IL-17 displays proinflammatory properties and is expressed in the synovium of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Its contribution to the arthritic process has not been identified. Here, we show that blocking of endogenous IL-17 in the autoimmune collagen-induced arthritis model results in suppression of arthritis. Also, joint damage was(More)
Ectodomain shedding of cell surface membrane-anchoring proteins is an important process in a wide variety of physiological events(1, 2). Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) converting enzyme (TACE) is the first discovered mammalian sheddase responsible for cleavage of several important surface proteins, including TNF-alpha, TNF p75 receptor, L-selectin,(More)
IL-17 is a novel, CD4+ T cell-restricted cytokine. In vivo, it stimulates hematopoiesis and causes neutrophilia consisting of mature granulocytes. In this study, we show that IL-17-mediated granulopoiesis requires G-CSF release and the presence or induction of the transmembrane form of stem cell factor (SCF) for optimal granulopoiesis. However, IL-17 also(More)
T cells are required for normal host defense against fungal infection, and individuals with T cell-deficiency syndromes are highly susceptible to fungal pathogens. Interleukin (IL)-17A is a proinflammatory cytokine that interconnects myeloid and lymphoid host defense. The role of murine (m) IL-17A/mIL-17A receptor (R) interactions was evaluated in a murine(More)
Many mutant mice deficient in leukocyte adhesion molecules display altered hematopoiesis and neutrophilia. This study investigated whether peripheral blood neutrophil concentrations in these mice are elevated as a result of accumulation of neutrophils in the circulation or altered hematopoiesis mediated by a disrupted regulatory feedback loop. Chimeric mice(More)
IL-17 is a proinflammatory cytokine suspected to be involved in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. In the present study, we report that IL-17R signaling is required in radiation-resistant cells in the joint for full progression of chronic synovitis and bone erosion. Repeated injections of Gram-positive bacterial cell wall(More)
IL-17A is a T cell-derived proinflammatory cytokine required for microbial host defense. In vivo expression profoundly stimulates granulopoiesis. At baseline, the hemopoietic system of IL-17R knockout mice (IL-17Ra(-/-)) is, with the exception of increased splenic progenitor numbers, indistinguishable from normal control mice. However, when challenged with(More)
BACKGROUND Improvement of current GVHD prophylactic therapies remains an important goal in the allo-HSCT. We have described a novel prophylaxis regimen in a single institution trial. The Chinese Bone Marrow Transplant Cooperative Group (CBMTCG) initiated a phase II multicenter study. METHODS The study was designed as a prospective, single arm phase II(More)
Telomerase reactivation is a critical step for tumorigenesis, allowing cancer cells to proliferate indefinitely. Taking advantage of this property, we generated an adenovirus vector in which E1 gene expression, and therefore viral replication, is under control of the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) promoter. This vector, referred to as(More)