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Bacterial pneumonia is an increasing complication of HIV infection and inversely correlates with the CD4(+) lymphocyte count. Interleukin (IL)-17 is a cytokine produced principally by CD4(+) T cells, which induces granulopoiesis via granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) production and induces CXC chemokines. We hypothesized that IL-17 receptor(More)
T cell IL-17 displays proinflammatory properties and is expressed in the synovium of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Its contribution to the arthritic process has not been identified. Here, we show that blocking of endogenous IL-17 in the autoimmune collagen-induced arthritis model results in suppression of arthritis. Also, joint damage was(More)
Ectodomain shedding of cell surface membrane-anchoring proteins is an important process in a wide variety of physiological events(1, 2). Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) converting enzyme (TACE) is the first discovered mammalian sheddase responsible for cleavage of several important surface proteins, including TNF-alpha, TNF p75 receptor, L-selectin,(More)
We investigated the role of interleukin-17 (IL-17)/IL-17 receptor (IL-17R)-mediated signaling in the protective immunity against Toxoplasma gondii. IL-17R(-/-) mice developed a normal adaptive immunity against the parasite. However, increased mortality in the knockout animals can be attributed to a defect in the migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes to(More)
IL-17 is a novel, CD4+ T cell-restricted cytokine. In vivo, it stimulates hematopoiesis and causes neutrophilia consisting of mature granulocytes. In this study, we show that IL-17-mediated granulopoiesis requires G-CSF release and the presence or induction of the transmembrane form of stem cell factor (SCF) for optimal granulopoiesis. However, IL-17 also(More)
IL-17 is a novel cytokine secreted principally by CD4+ T cells. It has been shown to support the growth of hemopoietic progenitors in vitro; however, its in vivo effects are presently unknown. Adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of the murine IL-17 cDNA targeted to the liver (5 x 10(9) plaque-forming units (PFU) intravenous) resulted in a transiently(More)
Ectodomain shedding of cell surface proteins is an important process in a wide variety of physiological and developmental events. Recently, tumor necrosis factor-alpha-converting enzyme (TACE) has been found to play an essential role in the shedding of several critical surface proteins, which is evidenced by multiple developmental defects exhibited by TACE(More)
OBJECTIVE IL-17F, a member of the interleukin (IL)-17 cytokine family, most closely resembles IL-17A structurally. IL-17A is a potent stimulator of granulopoiesis; its expression is induced in response to microbial challenge. Although IL-17F is considered to be a weak IL-17A analog that is also mediating its effect via IL-17R, its exact role and in vivo(More)
T cells are required for normal host defense against fungal infection, and individuals with T cell-deficiency syndromes are highly susceptible to fungal pathogens. Interleukin (IL)-17A is a proinflammatory cytokine that interconnects myeloid and lymphoid host defense. The role of murine (m) IL-17A/mIL-17A receptor (R) interactions was evaluated in a murine(More)
Bacterial pneumonia remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, especially in immune-compromised patients. Cytokines and chemokines are critical molecules expressed in response to invading pathogens and are necessary for normal lung bacterial host defenses. Here we show that interleukin (IL)-17, a novel cytokine produced largely by CD4+(More)