Paul N'guessan

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In human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), two disease stages are defined: the first, or haemo-lymphatic stage, and the second, or meningo-encephalitic stage. Stage determination forms the basis of therapeutic decision and is of prime importance, as the drug used to cure second-stage patients has considerable side-effects. However, the tests currently used for(More)
During a medical survey the sleeping sickness focus in Bonon, Ivory Coast, PCR with Trypanosoma brucei specific primers (TBR 1-2 from Parasitology 99 (1989) 57) was tested on DNA derived from blood samples. DNA purification using a chelating resin was performed either on whole blood or on the buffy coat prepared in two different ways. The preparation based(More)
The aetiological diagnosis of human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) is based on the detection of the parasite, but currently available parasitological tests have low sensitivity and are hampered by fluctuating parasitaemia. The identification of seropositive individuals on whom to focus parasitological examination is based on antibody detection by means of(More)
This study aimed to determine whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) and interleukin-10 (IL10) promoters and genes are associated with human African trypanosomiasis (HAT). The polymorphisms used in the analysis were TNF(-308G/A), TNF(-238G/A), TNF(-1031T/C), TNF(+488G/A), IL10(-1082G/A) and IL10(-592C/A). A(More)
Human African trypanosomiasis is a parasitic infection caused by protozoa belonging to Trypanosoma brucei subspecies. The clinical evolution of this disease is complex and might be because of the parasite itself, as genetic diversity has been observed in T. brucei ssp. We investigated the relationship between the genetic diversity of trypanosomes and the(More)
For 23 Ivoirian patients infected by Trypanosoma-brucei gambiense, isolation and genetic characterization using PCR and microsatellite primers were performed (in 1996-99) using 2 different isolates (A and B) from each patient. When using TBDAC 1/2, 7 genotypes were observed, and DNAs A and B for 2 patients were different. This might be the first evidence of(More)
Human African Trypanosomiasis is related to behavioural risk factors but complex interactions exist between (i) environmental and behavioural risk factors, (ii) vector and (iii) human host. Our aim was to investigate the interrelationships between previously analysed risk factors and the roles of age and time of exposure according to ethnic group and(More)