Paul N Austin

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Trauma is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Uncontrolled hemorrhage related to the traumatic event is often the major cause of complications and death. The use of hemostatic agents may be one of the easiest and most effective methods of treating hemorrhage. The US military recommends a hemostatic combat gauze (QuikClot Combat Gauze) as the(More)
Portable ventilators (PVs) are used for patient transport with increasingly frequency. Due to design differences it would not be unexpected to find differences among these ventilators in the imposed work of breathing (WOBI) during spontaneous respiratory efforts. The purpose of this investigation was to compare the WOBI characteristics during spontaneous(More)
During performance testing of portable ventilators, it was noted that an area on the case of one of the devices, the LTV 1000, was noticeably warm. This investigation examined the case temperatures of this portable ventilator and a portable ventilator currently in the Department of Defense inventory, the Uni-Vent 754, during simulated clinical conditions.(More)
PURPOSE To determine the performance of two person CPR on an instrumented manikin by registered nurses using conventional bag valve mask (BVM) ventilation or the Impact Model 730 automatic transport ventilator (Impact 730, Impact Instrumentation, Inc., West Caldwell, NJ) in CPR mode using a face mask. DESIGN Randomized crossover quasi-experimental. (More)
Sedating patients undergoing advanced endoscopic procedures such as endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is challenging for the endoscopy team. Considering these challenges and concerns with the use of propofol for deep sedation of older adults and high-risk patients, colleagues of one of the authors (AS) were interested in the(More)
Postoperative sore throat (POST) is usually self-limiting but was rated by patients as one of the top 10 most undesirable anesthetic outcomes. Pharmacologic interventions that have been suggested to decrease the incidence of POST include application of local anesthetics and corticosteroids to the cuff of the endotracheal tube. These interventions often(More)
BACKGROUND Field anesthesia machines (FAM) have been developed for remote locations where reliable supplies of compressed medical gases or electricity may be absent. In place of electricity, pneumatically controlled ventilators use compressed gas to power timing circuitry and actuate valves. We sought to determine the total O(2) consumption and ventilator(More)
PURPOSE Propofol is a short-acting medication with fast cognitive and psychomotor recovery. However, patients are usually instructed not to drive a motor vehicle for 24 hours after receiving propofol. The purpose of this article was to review the evidence examining when it is safe to drive after receiving propofol for sedation for diagnostic and surgical(More)
Nurse anesthesia programs strive to minimize attrition due to academic reasons and maximize student success. The authors examined the evidence for evaluating applicants to nurse anesthesia programs that may help predict success in the program and on the National Certification Examination for Nurse Anesthetists. A search strategy guided gathering of evidence(More)