Paul Montague

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Oligodendrocytes are critical for the development of the plasma membrane and cytoskeleton of the axon. In this paper, we show that fast axonal transport is also dependent on the oligodendrocyte. Using a mouse model of hereditary spastic paraplegia type 2 due to a null mutation of the myelin Plp gene, we find a progressive impairment in fast retrograde and(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the Aspergillus nidulans crnA gene for the transport of the anion nitrate has been determined. The crnA gene specifies a predicted polypeptide of 483 amino acids (molecular weight 51,769). A hydropathy plot suggests that this polypeptide has 10 membrane-spanning helices with an extensive hydrophilic region between helices six and(More)
After injury, the CNS undergoes an astrocyte stress response characterized by reactive astrocytosis/proliferation, boundary formation, and increased glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan (CSPG) expression. Previously, we showed that in vitro astrocytes exhibit this stress response when in contact with Schwann cells but(More)
The rumpshaker mutation of the proteolipid protein (Plp) gene causes dysmyelination in man and mouse. We show that the phenotype in the mouse depends critically on the genetic background in which the mutation is expressed. On the C3H background there is normal longevity whereas changing to a C57BL/6 strain results in seizures and death at around postnatal(More)
Proteolipid protein (PLP; M(r) 30,000) is a highly conserved major polytopic membrane protein in myelin but its cellular function remains obscure. Neurological mutant mice can often provide model systems for human genetic disorders. Mutations of the X-chromosome-linked PLP gene are lethal, identified first in the jimpy mouse and subsequently in patients(More)
The rumpshaker mutation of the X-linked myelin proteolipid protein (PLP1) gene causes spastic paraplegia type 2 or a mild form of Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease in man. The identical mutation occurs spontaneously in mice. Both human and murine diseases are associated with dysmyelination. Using the mouse model, we show that the low steady state levels of PLP(More)
The production of melanin pigment in mammals requires tyrosinase, an enzyme which hydroxylates the amino acid tyrosine to DOPA (3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine), thus allowing the cascade of reactions necessary to synthesize that biopolymer. However, there are other regulatory steps that follow the action of tyrosinase and modulate the quantity and quality of(More)
Elliptic curve cryptosystems (eccs) are becoming more popular because of the reduced number of key bits required in comparison to other cryptosystems (for example, a 160 bit ecc has roughly the same security as 1024 bit rsa). Eccs are especially suited to smart cards because of the limited memory and computational power available on these devices.(More)
Duplication of PLP1, an X-linked gene encoding the major myelin membrane protein of the human CNS, is the most frequent cause of Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD). Transgenic mice with extra copies of the wild type Plp1 gene, a valid model of PMD, also develop a dysmyelinating phenotype dependant on gene dosage. In this study we have examined the effect of(More)
It is widely thought that demyelination contributes to the degeneration of axons and, in combination with acute inflammatory injury, is responsible for progressive axonal loss and persistent clinical disability in inflammatory demyelinating disease. In this study we sought to characterize the relationship between demyelination, inflammation and axonal(More)