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Oligodendrocytes are critical for the development of the plasma membrane and cytoskeleton of the axon. In this paper, we show that fast axonal transport is also dependent on the oligodendrocyte. Using a mouse model of hereditary spastic paraplegia type 2 due to a null mutation of the myelin Plp gene, we find a progressive impairment in fast retrograde and(More)
A password-based authentication mechanism, first proposed by Halevi and Krawczyk, is used to formally describe a password-based authenticator in the Canetti-Krawczyk proof model. A proof of the security of the authenticator is provided. The possible practical applications of the authenticator are demonstrated by applying it to two key exchange protocols(More)
It is widely thought that demyelination contributes to the degeneration of axons and, in combination with acute inflammatory injury, is responsible for progressive axonal loss and persistent clinical disability in inflammatory demyelinating disease. In this study we sought to characterize the relationship between demyelination, inflammation and axonal(More)
After injury, the CNS undergoes an astrocyte stress response characterized by reactive astrocytosis/proliferation, boundary formation, and increased glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan (CSPG) expression. Previously, we showed that in vitro astrocytes exhibit this stress response when in contact with Schwann cells but(More)
  • Saadia A Karim, Jennifer A Barrie, Mailis C McCulloch, Paul Montague, Julia M Edgar, Douglas Kirkham +4 others
  • 2007
Duplication of PLP1, an X-linked gene encoding the major myelin membrane protein of the human CNS, is the most frequent cause of Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD). Transgenic mice with extra copies of the wild type Plp1 gene, a valid model of PMD, also develop a dysmyelinating phenotype dependant on gene dosage. In this study we have examined the effect of(More)
The myelin-associated oligodendrocytic basic protein (MOBP) family constitutes the third most abundant protein in CNS myelin. The mouse Mobp gene comprises eight exons. Mobp pre-mRNA processing gives rise to at least seven Mobp splice variants which are expressed solely in the oligodendrocyte. The predicted proteins all, with one exception, share a 68(More)