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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Experiments were designed to assess whether or not the intracellular concentration of calcium and reactive oxygen species (ROS) increase in endothelial cells of the rat thoracic aorta in response to releasers of endothelium-derived contracting factor (EDCF) and if so, whether or not a difference exists between spontaneously(More)
Endothelial dysfunction plays a key role in the pathogenesis of diabetic vascular disease. The endothelium controls the tone of the underlying vascular smooth muscle through the production of vasodilator mediators. The endothelium-derived relaxing factors (EDRF) comprise nitric oxide (NO), prostacyclin, and a still elusive endothelium-derived(More)
Endothelial cells synthesize and release vasoactive mediators in response to various neurohumoural substances (e.g. bradykinin or acetylcholine) and physical stimuli (e.g. cyclic stretch or fluid shear stress). The best-characterized endothelium-derived relaxing factors are nitric oxide and prostacyclin. However, an additional relaxant pathway associated(More)
To study the mechanism of decreased endothelium-dependent relaxations in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), rings of thoracic aorta with and without endothelium were taken from age-matched male SHR and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and suspended for isometric tension recording. Acetylcholine caused endothelium-dependent contractions in quiescent(More)
The endothelium controls vascular tone not only by releasing nitric oxide (NO) and prostacyclin but also by other pathways causing hyperpolarization of the underlying smooth muscle cells. This characteristic was at the origin of the denomination endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF). We know now that this acronym includes different mechanisms.(More)
In the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) and aging Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY), acetylcholine releases an endothelium-derived contracting factor (EDCF) produced by endothelial cyclooxygenase-1, which stimulates thromboxane A2 receptors (TP receptors) on vascular smooth muscle. The purpose of the present study was to identify this EDCF by measuring changes in(More)
The available evidence suggests that vitamin D has cardiovascular effects besides regulating calcium homeostasis. To examine the effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3), the major metabolite of vitamin D, on endothelium-dependent contractions, aortic rings of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were suspended in organ chambers for isometric force(More)
Hypertension and vascular dysfunction result in the increased release of endothelium-derived contracting factors (EDCFs), whose identity is poorly defined. We tested the hypothesis that endothelial cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 can generate EDCFs and identified the possible EDCF candidate. Changes in isometric tension of aortae of young and aged hamsters were(More)