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the 4th International Conference on Concussion in Sport held in Zurich, November 2012 Paul McCrory, Willem H Meeuwisse, Mark Aubry, Bob Cantu, Jiří Dvořák, Ruben J Echemendia, Lars Engebretsen, Karen Johnston, Jeffrey S Kutcher, Martin Raftery, Allen Sills, Brian W Benson, Gavin A Davis, Richard G Ellenbogen, Kevin Guskiewicz, Stanley A Herring, Grant L(More)
BACKGROUND Variations in definitions and methodologies have created differences in the results and conclusions obtained from studies of football (soccer) injuries; this has made interstudy comparisons difficult. PROCEDURE An Injury Consensus Group was established under the auspices of Fédération Internationale de Football Association Medical Assessment(More)
onsensus statement on Concussion in Sport—The 4th International onference on Concussion in Sport held in Zurich, November 2012 aul McCrorya,∗, Willem Meeuwisseb, Mark Aubryc,d, Bob Cantue, Jiri Dvorakf,g,h, uben Echemendia i,j, Lars Engebretsenk,l,m, Karen Johnstonn,o, Jeff Kutcherp, artin Rafteryq, Allen Sills r, Brian Bensons,t, Gavin Davisu, Richard(More)
Impaired standing balance has a detrimental effect on a person's functional ability and increases their risk of falling. There is currently no validated system which can precisely quantify center of pressure (COP), an important component of standing balance, while being inexpensive, portable and widely available. The Wii Balance Board (WBB) fits these(More)
This paper is a revision and update of the recommendations developed following the 1st (Vienna) and 2nd (Prague) International Symposia on Concussion in Sport. The Zurich Consensus statement is designed to build on the principles outlined in the original Vienna and Prague documents and to develop further conceptual understanding of this problem using a(More)
In November 2001, the 1st International Symposium on Concussion in Sport was held in Vienna, Austria to provide recommendations for the improvement of safety and health of athletes who suffer concussive injuries in ice hockey, football (soccer), and other sports. The 2nd International Symposium on Concussion in Sport was organised by the same group and held(More)
Preamble This paper is a revision and update of the recommendations developed following the 1 (Vienna) and 2 (Prague) International Symposia on Concussion in Sport. The Zurich Consensus statement is designed to build on the principles outlined in the original Vienna and Prague documents and to develop further conceptual understanding of this problem using a(More)
In November 2001, the First International Symposium on Concussion in Sport was held in Vienna, Austria. This symposium was organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF), the Federation Internationale de Football Association Medical Assessment and Research Centre (FIFA, F-MARC), and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) Medical Commission.(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this paper was to review the current state of evidence for chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) in retired athletes and to consider the potential differential diagnoses that require consideration when retired athletes present with cognitive and psychiatric problems. DATA SOURCES MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, Mosby's Index, PsycEXTRA,(More)
BACKGROUND Concussion in sport typically recovers clinically within 10 days of injury. In some cases, however, symptoms may be prolonged or complications may develop. The objectives of the current paper are to review the literature regarding the difficult concussion and to provide recommendations for an approach to the investigation and management of(More)