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Dendritic cells (DC) are regarded as the 'sentinels' of the immune system. They play a crucial role in surveillance of peripheral tissues, trapping antigens encountered there, and migrating via the lymphatics to lymphoid organs where they interact with naive T cells thus generating antigen-specific primary immune responses. Until now it has been assumed DC(More)
The mouse dura mater, pia mater, and choroid plexus contain resident macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs). These cells participate in immune surveillance, phagocytosis of cellular debris, uptake of antigens from the surrounding cerebrospinal fluid and immune regulation in many pathologic processes. We used Cx3cr1 knock-in, CD11c-eYFP transgenic and bone(More)
Conventional immunohistochemical analysis of airway intraepithelial class II major histocompatibility complex (Ia) expression demonstrates a morphologically heterogeneous pattern of staining, suggestive of the presence of a mixed population of endogenous antigen presenting cells. Employing a novel tissue sectioning technique in conjunction with optimal(More)
Macrophages or activated microglia in the subretinal space are considered a hallmark of some retinal pathologies. We investigated the effects of age, pigmentation and CX(3)CR1 deficiency on the accumulation of macrophages/activated microglia in the outer retina of young and old Cx(3)cr1(gfp/gfp) (CX(3)CR1-deficient) or Cx(3)cr1(gfp/+) mice on either a(More)
Inflammatory and immune-mediated diseases of the eye are not purely the consequence of infiltrating inflammatory cells but may be initiated or propagated by immune cells which are resident or trafficking through the normal eye. The uveal tract in particular is the major site of many such cells, including resident tissue macrophages, dendritic cells and mast(More)
Membrane nanotubes are a recently discovered form of cellular protrusion between two or more cells whose functions include cell communication, environmental sampling, and protein transfer. Although clearly demonstrated in vitro, evidence of the existence of membrane nanotubes in mammalian tissues in vivo has until now been lacking. Confocal microscopy of(More)
The teaching of anatomy has consistently been the subject of societal controversy, especially in the context of employing cadaveric materials in professional medical and allied health professional training. The reduction in dissection-based teaching in medical and allied health professional training programs has been in part due to the financial(More)
PURPOSE To establish the presence of distinct populations of macrophages and MHC class II (Ia)-positive dendritic cells (DC) in the iris and ciliary body of the rat, mouse, and human eye. METHODS Iris-ciliary body wholemounts from a variety of rat strains, balb/c mice, and human eyes were investigated by single and double immunohistochemistry,(More)
PURPOSE To identify potential antigen-presenting cells in the choroid and retina of the normal rat eye, with a view to proposing a role for such cells in the induction and perpetuation of experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis, a model of human uveoretinal inflammation. METHODS Immunohistochemical and electron microscopic studies using a panel of(More)
PURPOSE Investigations into the biology of resident and infiltrating immune cells in the uveal tract of the rodent eye have been greatly aided by the use of tissue wholemount methods. These methods offer a number of advantages over conventional histological and frozen section techniques. The purpose of this article is to provide a detailed step by step(More)