Paul McMenamin

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Dendritic cells (DC) are regarded as the 'sentinels' of the immune system. They play a crucial role in surveillance of peripheral tissues, trapping antigens encountered there, and migrating via the lymphatics to lymphoid organs where they interact with naive T cells thus generating antigen-specific primary immune responses. Until now it has been assumed DC(More)
The mouse dura mater, pia mater, and choroid plexus contain resident macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs). These cells participate in immune surveillance, phagocytosis of cellular debris, uptake of antigens from the surrounding cerebrospinal fluid and immune regulation in many pathologic processes. We used Cx3cr1 knock-in, CD11c-eYFP transgenic and bone(More)
Mononuclear phagocytes and MHC class II+ dendritic cells (DC) were identified in frozen sections of skeletal muscle using a panel of pan-specific antimacrophage (MOMA-2, SER-4, Mac-1, F4/80), anti-major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II (M5/114) and anti-DC (NLDC-145, N418, M342) monoclonal antibodies. Uninjured and regenerating skeletal muscle were(More)
Conventional immunohistochemical analysis of airway intraepithelial class II major histocompatibility complex (Ia) expression demonstrates a morphologically heterogeneous pattern of staining, suggestive of the presence of a mixed population of endogenous antigen presenting cells. Employing a novel tissue sectioning technique in conjunction with optimal(More)
Class II major histocompatibility complex (Ia)-bearing dendritic cells (DC) from airway epithelium and lung parenchyma express low-moderate antigen presenting cell (APC) activity when freshly isolated. However, this function is markedly upregulated during overnight culture in a manner analogous to epidermal Langerhans cells. The in vitro "maturation"(More)
The present investigation provides novel information on the topographical distribution of macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs) in normal meninges and choroid plexus of the rat central nervous system (CNS). Whole-mounts of meninges and choroid plexus of Lewis rats were incubated with various anti-leucocyte monoclonal antibodies and either visualised with(More)
Modern imaging techniques are an essential component of preoperative planning in plastic and reconstructive surgery. However, conventional modalities, including three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions, are limited by their representation on 2D workstations. 3D printing, also known as rapid prototyping or additive manufacturing, was once the province of(More)
Macrophages or activated microglia in the subretinal space are considered a hallmark of some retinal pathologies. We investigated the effects of age, pigmentation and CX(3)CR1 deficiency on the accumulation of macrophages/activated microglia in the outer retina of young and old Cx(3)cr1(gfp/gfp) (CX(3)CR1-deficient) or Cx(3)cr1(gfp/+) mice on either a(More)
PURPOSE The distribution, density, and phenotype of hyalocytes or vitreous macrophages in mouse eyes was examined during normal aging and in models of background diabetic retinopathy, retinal vascular proliferation, and exposure to TLR4 and TLR9 ligands. METHODS The phenotype and density of hyalocytes were investigated in retinal and ciliary body(More)
Marsupials are unique models for developmental biology-oriented research because of the immature state of their development at birth. The North American opossum (Didelphis virginiana) has several advantages over other marsupials, including large litter size, short prenatal period (12.5 d), an extended postnatal period while accessible in the pouch, and its(More)