Paul Mazhuvanchary Jacob

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BACKGROUND Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) describes a focus of papillary thyroid cancer that is less than 1 cm in size. These tumors are frequently found on histopathological examination of thyroid specimens, operated upon for an indication other than suspected malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS From 2005 to 2012, 94 of 1300 thyroidectomy(More)
The purpose of this research is to study the outcomes of splenectomy for chronic and persistent immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). This study is a retrospective analysis of 254 patients with chronic or persistent ITP who underwent splenectomy at CMC, Vellore, India between 1995 and 2009. Responses were assessed based on standard criteria. One hundred and sixty(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Plasma and urinary metanephrines are used as screening tests for the diagnosis of phaeochromocytoma. The recommended cut-off levels are not standardized. This study was conducted to identify a cut-off level for 24 h urinary fractionated metanephrines viz. metanephrine (uMN) and normetanephrine (uNMN) using enzyme immunoassay for the(More)
The presence of cotinine, a nicotine metabolite, in urine above a specified cutoff concentration is commonly used to distinguish smokers from nonsmokers, as in smoking cessation studies. A stability study of cotinine in urine was carried out after questions arose concerning analyte stability at elevated storage and shipment temperatures. Aliquots from a(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the utility of quick intraoperative parathyroid hormone (PTH) measurement in the surgical management of primary hyperparathyroidism. BACKGROUND DATA The use of intraoperative PTH monitoring is well established in the surgery of primary hyperparathyroidism. However, some false-negative predictions lead to unnecessary explorations;(More)
Stem cell based therapies hold great promise for the treatment of human diseases; however results from several recent clinical studies have not shown a level of efficacy required for their use as a first-line therapy, because more often in these studies fate of the transplanted cells is unknown. Thus monitoring the real-time fate of in vivo transplanted(More)
BACKGROUND Butyrate, a short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) formed by the fermentation of complex carbohydrates by the bacteria in the colon, is the main source of nutrition for colonocytes. The aim of this experiment was to investigate the effect of butyrate on the healing of colonic anastomosis in a rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty male Wistar rats were(More)
INTRODUCTION Triple Negative Breast Cancers (TNBC) are a subset of breast cancers which are composed of different molecular subtypes. The most common is the basal like subtype, which has an adverse prognosis and limited treatment options. AIM This study was undertaken to assess the clinico-pathologic and immunohistochemical subtypes of triple negative(More)
BACKGROUND Micro-RNAs (miRNAs) are expressed in a tissue-specific manner and are known to demonstrate differential expression even among the various subtypes of a given tumor. This differential expression has been harnessed successfully in the development of diagnostic assays for various malignant tumors. These assays have been found to be relevant and of(More)