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To evaluate two MR imaging sequences for the detection of artificial pulmonary nodules inside porcine lung explants. 67 agarose nodules ranging 3-20 mm were injected into ten porcine lungs within a dedicated chest phantom. The signal on T1-weighted images and radiopacity were adjusted by adding 0.125 mmol/l Gd-DTPA and 1.5 g/l of iodine. A T1-weighted(More)
PURPOSE To test the feasibility of k-space segmented gradient-echo pulse sequences for free-breathing coronary magnetic resonance angiography (cMRA) on a clinical 3T system. MATERIALS AND METHODS T2-prepared, fat-suppressed turbo field echo (TFE, turboFLASH, SFPGR) as well as balanced TFE (b-TFE, trueFISP, FIESTA, segmented SSFP) sequences with navigator(More)
As part of the nutrition-countermeasures (NUC) study in Cologne, Germany in 2010, seven healthy male subjects underwent 21 days of head-down tilt bed rest and returned 153 days later to undergo a second bout of 21-day bed rest. As part of this model, we aimed to examine the recovery of the lumbar intervertebral discs and muscle cross-sectional area (CSA)(More)
IMPORTANCE Left atrial fibrosis is prominent in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Extensive atrial tissue fibrosis identified by delayed enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been associated with poor outcomes of AF catheter ablation. OBJECTIVE To characterize the feasibility of atrial tissue fibrosis estimation by delayed enhancement MRI(More)
OBJECTIVES We compared the safety of different devices by screening for subclinical intracranial embolic events after pulmonary vein isolation with either conventional irrigated radiofrequency (RF) or cryoballoon or multielectrode phased RF pulmonary vein ablation catheter (PVAC). BACKGROUND New devices specifically designed to facilitate pulmonary vein(More)
To characterize the peri-infarction zone using T2-weighted (T2w) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and infarct size on delayed enhancement (DE) MRI in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In 65 patients, short-axis T2w and DE MRI images were acquired 5 +/- 3 d after AMI. The MRI was analyzed using a threshold method defining infarct size on DE(More)
This study investigates the feasibility of imaging the coronary lumen and vessel-wall, using MRI with a radial k-space trajectory at 3 T. Such radial trajectories offer the advantage of greater vessel sharpness than traditional Cartesian trajectories. This field strength offers an increased signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) compared with 1.5 T, which compensates(More)
The aim of this study was to analyze the diagnostic accuracy of edema on T2-weighted (T2w) cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), presence of microvascular obstruction (MO) on first-pass enhancement (FPE) or on delayed enhancement (DE) CMR, and wall thinning on cine CMR to differentiate between acute (AMI) and chronic myocardial infarction (CMI) in(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possibility of reducing X-ray exposure during multidetector CT urography (MDCTU) considering image quality using a porcine model. MDCTU was performed in eight healthy pigs. Scanning was conducted using a gradual reduction of the tube current-time product at 120 kV [200-20 mAs (eff.) in ten steps]. Three blinded(More)
BACKGROUND Data regarding the freedom from atrial fibrillation (AF) in the follow-up of persistent AF patients is limited. The second-generation cryoballoon has better cooling properties compared with first-generation cryoballon. In this study, we aimed to assess the medium-term efficacy of second-generation cryoballoon in patients with persistent AF. (More)