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Societal cost-of-illness in a German sample of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) was calculated for 12 months prior to an outpatient Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) program, during a year of DBT in routine outpatient care and during a follow-up year. We retrospectively assessed resource consumption and productivity loss by means of a(More)
The transfer of large YAC DNA into human cells is a laborious procedure. High quality pulsed field gel purified DNA is required, which is easily sheared during manipulation before transfection or degraded in the endosome of the cell following transfection. NaCl and polyamines compact and prevent DNA from shearing, but may not consistently protect DNA after(More)
Objective: It is the aim of this paper to estimate the provider's cost of treating paediatric cases of Malaria in a rural African hospital. Furthermore , we intend to give some insights into the possibilities of improving the efficiency of treating children with this disease in order to support policy makers in the resource allocation process. Methods: The(More)
Shales are among the most commonly considered geomaterials in current energy-related geomechanical investigations, as they are involved in engineering applications such as the extraction of natural gas, CO 2 sequestration and nuclear waste storage. A deep understanding of their behaviour with regard to variations in the degree of saturation is of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Fatty liver disease is a common condition in the Western world. Fatty liver may progress to steatohepatitis and cirrhosis. It is not yet known whether fatty liver disease results in higher health care utilization and costs. METHODS We used data from the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP), Germany, to assess the relation of fatty liver(More)
Despite the burgeoning interest in the field of andrology, no studies have specifically addressed the impact of serum testosterone levels on healthcare utilization and costs. We analysed data from the population-based cohort Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP), Germany, to assess the association of serum testosterone levels with self-reported health care(More)
BACKGROUND Providing health care services in Africa is hampered by severe scarcity of personnel, medical supplies and financial funds. Consequently, managers of health care institutions are called to measure and improve the efficiency of their facilities in order to provide the best possible services with their resources. However, very little is known about(More)
Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) are effective in substantially reducing malaria transmission. Still, ITN coverage in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) remains extremely low. Policy makers are concerned with identifying the most suitable delivery mechanism to achieve rapid yet sustainable increases in ITN coverage. Little is known, however, on the comparative costs(More)
In this paper we present a meta-analysis of the Cost-of-Illness of HIV/AIDS and the socio-economic impact of antiretroviral therapy. We distinguish between provider costs, direct household costs, and indirect costs. There is a growing number of publications on provider costs in different countries, but the methodology and the degree of precision between(More)
The aim of this study is to demonstrate the impact of increased access to primary care on provider costs in the rural health district of Nouna, Burkina Faso. This study question is crucial for health care planning in this district, as other research work shows that the population has a higher need for health care services. From a public health perspective,(More)