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Cerebral extracellular fluids drain from brain to blood across the arachnoid villi and to lymph along certain cranial nerves (primarily olfactory) and spinal nerve root ganglia. Quantification of the connection to lymph in rabbit, cat and sheep, using radiolabelled albumin as a marker of flow, indicates that a minimum of 14 to 47% of protein injected into(More)
Serologic studies of children with Tourette syndrome (TS) have detected anti-neuronal antibodies but their role in TS has not been explored. Stereotypies and episodic utterances, analogous to involuntary movements seen in TS, were induced in rats by intrastriatal microinfusion of TS sera or gamma immunoglobulins (IgG) under noninflammatory conditions, as(More)
CNS immune regulation is intimately dependent on the dynamics of cerebral extracellular fluid circulation. Animal models indicate that following the introduction of antigen into the CNS, normal circulation of interstitial and cerebrospinal fluids provides the opportunity for (a) delivery of CNS-derived antigen to lymphoid organs, as well as, (b) retention(More)
The humoral immune response to human serum albumin (HSA) microinfused into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has been measured in serum, cervical lymph nodes, and spleen of Sprague-Dawley rats. Conditions were designed to promote normal brain barrier function. Serum titers of anti-HSA antibodies, primarily IgG, increased over 10 days and then persisted for at least(More)
We have evaluated the antibody and the effector T-cell responses to a single cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) infusion of myelin basic protein (MBP) in Lewis rats by measuring serum anti-MBP antibodies and clinical signs of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), respectively. Some rats developed anti-MBP antibodies, but none manifested EAE in response to(More)
The magnitudes of serum antibody responses to ovalbumin have been compared following immunization via cerebral or extracerebral sites in Sprague-Dawley rats. In central nervous system (CNS)-immunized rats, conditions were designed to ensure normal brain barrier permeability. Extracerebral immunization was via the footpad or along pathways of antigen outflow(More)
The regulatory role of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in brain physiology is well established, while our understanding of its role in brain immunity is undefined. We demonstrate that normal rat CSF suppresses the in vitro development of mastocytoma-specific CTL activity in restimulated splenocytes from Balb/c mice, a strain unable to reject this tumor from the(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum antibody responses to albumin administered into CSF or muscle have been compared with respect to titer, isotype profile and complement-fixing activity in a rat model with normal brain barrier function. CSF/serum titer ratios and the ratio of IgG subclasses, IgG1/IgG2, were both elevated following CSF immunization. In(More)
P3, a cell line derived from the plasmacytoma MOPC-21 secretes IgG1 (K) and is sensitive to complement (C')-mediated lysis by antibody directed against gamma1 or K. Sensitivity is attributed to the presence of immunoglobulin molecules on the surface membrane, designed Ig-mem. This sensitivity is abolished by antigenic modulation of Ig-mem. Modulated cells,(More)