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In cultured fibroblasts, microfilament bundles terminate at adhesion plaques (focal contacts), the specialized regions where the cells adhere most tightly to the underlying substrate. Vinculin is a protein concentrated in adhesion plaques and has been suggested as a possible link between the ends of the bundles of actin filaments and the plasma membrane. If(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in cell shape and motility are important manifestations of oncogenic transformation, but the mechanisms underlying these changes and key effector molecules in the cytoskeleton remain unknown. The Fos oncogene induces expression of ezrin, the founder member of the ezrin/radixin/moesin (ERM) protein family, but not expression of the related(More)
Ezrin, a membrane-actin cytoskeleton linker, which participates in epithelial cell morphogenesis, is held inactive in the cytoplasm through an intramolecular interaction. Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) binding and the phosphorylation of threonine 567 (T567) are involved in the activation process that unmasks both membrane and actin binding(More)
Syk is a protein tyrosine kinase that is widely expressed in haematopoietic cells. It is involved in coupling activated immunoreceptors to downstream signalling events that mediate diverse cellular responses including proliferation, differentiation and phagocytosis. Syk expression has been reported in cell lines of epithelial origin, but its function in(More)
cAMP-dependent protein kinase (A-kinase) anchoring proteins (AKAPs) are responsible for the subcellular sequestration of the type II A-kinase. Previously, we identified a 78 kDa AKAP which was enriched in gastric parietal cells. We have now purified the 78 kDa AKAP to homogeneity from gastric fundic mucosal supernates using type II A-kinase regulatory(More)
The cytoskeleton-membrane linker protein ezrin has been shown to associate with phosphatidyl-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2))-containing liposomes via its NH(2)-terminal domain. Using internal deletions and COOH-terminal truncations, determinants of PIP(2) binding were located to amino acids 12-115 and 233-310. Both regions contain a KK(X)(n)K/RK motif(More)
Overexpression in insect cells of the full coding sequence of the human membrane cytoskeletal linker ezrin (1-586) was compared with that of a NH2-terminal domain (ezrin 1-233) and that of a COOH-terminal domain (ezrin 310-586). Ezrin (1-586), as well as ezrin (1-233) enhanced cell adhesion of infected Sf9 cells without inducing gross morphological changes(More)
Actin assembly on membrane surfaces is an elusive process in which several phosphoinositides (PIPs) have been implicated. We have reconstituted actin assembly using a defined membrane surface, the latex bead phagosome (LBP), and shown that the PI(4,5)P(2)-binding proteins ezrin and/or moesin were essential for this process (). Here, we provide several lines(More)
In this review we discuss some of the proteins for which a role in linking actin to the fibroblast plasma membrane has been suggested. We focus on the family of proteins related to erythrocyte spectrin, proteins that have generally been viewed as having an organization and a function in actin-membrane attachment similar to those of erythrocyte spectrin.(More)
The trafficking of the androgen receptor (AR) in transfected cells was studied using a green fluorescent protein (GFP)-AR chimera. The reporter molecule GFP enabled the localization of AR in living cells with a good spatial and temporal resolution. After the construction of GFP-AR and verification of the size of the fusion protein produced, we demonstrated(More)