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Aims/hypothesis. To test whether cod liver oil or vitamin D supplements either taken by the mother during pregnancy or by the child in the first year of life is associated with lower risk of Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus in children. Methods. We carried out a population-based case control study in Vest-Agder county of Norway, evaluating the(More)
To estimate the extent of meningococcal carriage in the Norwegian population and to investigate the relationship of several characteristics of the population to the carrier state, 1,500 individuals living in rural and small-town areas near Oslo were selected at random from the Norwegian National Population Registry. These persons were asked to complete a(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine recent changes in the cardiovascular risk factor profile of Australian adults and to compare these with trends in mortality. DESIGN Questionnaire and examination data collected from multicentre cross-sectional surveys conducted in 1980, 1983 and 1989. SUBJECTS 19,315 randomly selected respondents aged 25-64 years living in the six(More)
Changes associated with two serial, nationwide, mass-media-based campaigns to promote physical activity conducted by the National Heart Foundation of Australia in 1990 and 1991 were examined. Surveys conducted before and after each campaign found statistically significant differences in message awareness (46% vs 71% in 1990; 63% vs 74% in 1991). In 1990,(More)
The identification of the proximal causes of coronary heart disease (CHD) during the second half of the 20th century contributed to the prevention of premature CHD and the extension of life expectancy in middle-aged and older people in many wealthy countries. These major CHD risk factors-high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, cigarette smoking and(More)
  Background: Mental retardation (MR) (IQ ≤ 70) is one of the most frequent and debilitating neurological handicaps in children. The aetiologies of MR are multiple and to a certain extent related to social class and the degree of MR. However, recent epidemiological data assessing these relationships are scarce. The objective of the present study was(More)
  • B. ovatus, B. corrodens, +8 authors Eubacterium lentum
The quantitative growth, the colony size, and the -rate of growth of 47 clinical anaerobic isolates were compared on five different media, namely Brucella agar, brain heart infusion agar, Columbia agar, Schaedler agar, and tryptic soy agar. There was no significant difference in the quantitative growth of the anaerobes inoculated onto the five media.(More)
There is an inverse association between social class ranking and mortality from coronary heart disease in Australia and in some other countries. To explain whether this association is related to differences in risk factors, the relationship between coronary risk factors and the highest level of education completed was explored for a reasonably(More)