Paul M. Zeltzer

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PURPOSE From 1986 to 1992, "eight-drugs-in-one-day" (8-in-1) chemotherapy both before and after radiation therapy (XRT) (54 Gy tumor/36 Gy neuraxis) was compared with vincristine, lomustine (CCNU), and prednisone (VCP) after XRT in children with untreated, high-stage medulloblastoma (MB). PATIENTS AND METHODS Two hundred three eligible patients with an(More)
OBJECT Ependymomas in children continue to generate controversy regarding their histological diagnosis and grading. optimal management, and possible prognostic factors. To increase our knowledge of these tumors the authors addressed these issues in a cohort of children with prospectively staged ependymomas treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. (More)
PURPOSE To determine clinical characteristics and response to treatment for children with supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors (S-PNETs). PATIENTS AND METHODS After surgery and staging, 55 patients aged 1.5 to 19.3 years with S-PNETs were randomized to receive craniospinal radiotherapy (RT) followed by eight cycles of(More)
PURPOSE To describe the biologic and clinical features of children with primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) arising in the pineal region (pineoblastomas) and evaluate prospectively the efficacy of radiation therapy (RT) and/or chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between 1986 and 1992, 25 children with PNETs of the pineal region were treated as part of(More)
In this Phase I trial, patients' peripheral blood dendritic cells were pulsed with peptides eluted from the surface of autologous glioma cells. Three biweekly intradermal vaccinations of peptide-pulsed dendritic cells were administered to seven patients with glioblastoma multiforme and two patients with anaplastic astrocytoma. Dendritic cell vaccination(More)
We reviewed the data of children with high-stage primitive neuroectodermal tumors (medulloblastomas) who were treated on Children's Cancer Group-921 protocol to evaluate the correlation between tumor resection and prognosis. Patients enrolled in the study had either tumors that were operatively categorized to be Chang tumor stage 3b or 4, postoperative(More)
PURPOSE Very young children with CNS primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) and ependymomas have a poor prognosis and commonly have impairment of growth and cognitive abilities, in part resulting from radiotherapy. Thus, an intensive chemotherapeutic regimen was used to treat children less than 18 months of age at diagnosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
Supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors (S-PNETs), which have also been called cerebral neuroblastomas, have been considered to be the hemispheric equivalent of posterior fossa medulloblastomas. Twenty-seven children with S-PNETs (excluding pineoblastomas) which were confirmed by central pathology review were treated on the CCG-921 protocol from(More)
Medulloblastoma (MB) represents the most frequent malignant brain tumor of childhood but only a few cell lines and animal models of this primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) have thus far been established. Using specific cell culture conditions, we were able to derive four human MB cell lines (MHH-MED-1-4) as well as a cell line from a spinal PNET(More)
Iron homeostasis is crucial to normal cell metabolism, and its deficiency or excess is associated with numerous disease states. The association of increased iron load with cancer may be due to several factors including free radical production, reduction of the body's protective mechanism to combat oxidative stress, inhibition of immune systems, inhibition(More)