Paul M. Schyve

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BACKGROUND Quality problems in medical care are not a new finding. Variations in medical practice as well as actual medical errors have been pointed out for many decades. The current movement to write practice guidelines to attempt to correct these deviations from recommended medical practice has not solved the problem. OBJECTIVE In order to gain greater(More)
BACKGROUND The current US national discussions on patient safety are not based on a common language. This hinders systematic application of data obtained from incident reports, and learning from near misses and adverse events. OBJECTIVE To develop a common terminology and classification schema (taxonomy) for collecting and organizing patient safety data.(More)
The authors determined serum prolactin levels in 13 patients receiving clozapine, an antipsychotic drug that does not produce extrapyramidal side effects. Morning serum prolactin levels, 11 hours after the last dose, were not elevated during chronic treatment with clozapine in any subject despite its therapeutic effects. Serum prolactin levels were(More)
Quality improvement (QI) activities can improve health care but must be conducted ethically. The Hastings Center convened leaders and scholars to address ethical requirements for QI and their relationship to regulations protecting human subjects of research. The group defined QI as systematic, data-guided activities designed to bring about immediate(More)
Effective communication with patients is critical to the safety and quality of care. Barriers to this communication include differences in language, cultural differences, and low health literacy. Evidence-based practices that reduce these barriers must be integrated into, rather than just added to, health care work processes.
This paper describes the Perception-Action-Impact (PAI) model used for testing the usefulness of health care organization performance indicators, and reports preliminary data in support of this model. Two hundred and ninety six hospitals contributed 500,000 obstetrical cases, and responded to surveys to assess various aspects of indicator usefulness.(More)
The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, the oldest health care accrediting body in the world, currently accredits almost 20000 organizations in the USA. Although continuing to be professionally-sponsored, accreditation's rapid growth in recent years has been driven by the external users of accreditation--government, purchasers,(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the epidemiology and clinical manifestations of hepatitis D virus infection in an institutionalized population. DESIGN A case-control study of hepatitis B carriers with and without serologic evidence of hepatitis D virus infection. Demographic, institutional, and medical data were obtained through questionnaires and chart review.(More)
As we are learning to master the methods of quality assurance, a new conceptual approach focused on quality improvement is being advocated. But this new approach is not a derailment for health care practitioners committed to improve patient care quality. Rather, it is a progressive step that builds upon the concepts and methods of quality assurance. Whereas(More)