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INTRODUCTION There is no consensus definition of acute renal failure (ARF) in critically ill patients. More than 30 different definitions have been used in the literature, creating much confusion and making comparisons difficult. Similarly, strong debate exists on the validity and clinical relevance of animal models of ARF; on choices of fluid management(More)
Current reports on acute kidney injury (AKI) in the intensive care unit (ICU) show wide variation in occurrence rate and are limited by study biases such as use of incomplete AKI definition, selected cohorts, or retrospective design. Our aim was to prospectively investigate the occurrence and outcomes of AKI in ICU patients. The Acute Kidney(More)
Hyponatremia and hypernatremia are common electrolyte disorders resulting from disorders in water homeostasis. Hyponatremia usually results from defects in free water excretion, although increased intake may also contribute. The treatment of hyponatremia has been controversial because of the high associated morbidity and mortality and the observation that(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Most studies of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CIAKI) have focused on patients undergoing angiographic procedures. The incidence and outcomes of CIAKI in patients undergoing nonemergent, contrast-enhanced computed tomography in the inpatient and outpatient setting were assessed. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, &(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare two forms of continuous renal replacement therapy, continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH) vs. continuous venovenous hemodialysis (CVVHD), in terms of the removal of inflammatory mediators from the blood of patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome and acute renal failure. DESIGN Randomized crossover, clinical study.(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about whether health care providers (physicians) implement preventive care for contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CIAKI). The objectives of our prospective cohort study were (1) to assess provider use of preventive strategies for CIAKI, (2) to determine the incidence of CIAKI, and (3) to examine the association of CIAKI with(More)
The absence of a universally accepted definition of radiocontrast nephropathy (RCN) has hampered efforts to characterize effectively the incidence and the clinical significance of this condition. The objective of this study was to identify a clinically relevant definition of RCN by assessment of the relationships between increases in serum creatinine (Scr)(More)
In response to the recently released 2012 KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes) clinical practice guideline for acute kidney injury (AKI), the National Kidney Foundation organized a group of US experts in adult and pediatric AKI and critical care nephrology to review the recommendations and comment on their relevancy in the context of current US(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence, clinical characteristics, and outcome for general medical-surgical hospital patients with hypernatremia. DESIGN A prospective cohort study. SETTING A 942-bed urban university hospital. PATIENTS All patients who developed a serum sodium concentration of 150 mmol/L or greater during a 3-month observation period. (More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Contrast-induced nephropathy is one of the few preventable forms of acute kidney injury. Several pharmacologic agents have been evaluated for the prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy, yet disappointingly, few have been shown conclusively to reduce the risk for this condition. A series of studies have demonstrated that volume(More)