Paul M Muntner

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BACKGROUND Reliable information about the prevalence of hypertension in different world regions is essential to the development of national and international health policies for prevention and control of this condition. We aimed to pool data from different regions of the world to estimate the overall prevalence and absolute burden of hypertension in 2000,(More)
Dariush Mozaffarian, MD, DrPH, FAHA; Emelia J. Benjamin, MD, ScM, FAHA; Alan S. Go, MD; Donna K. Arnett, PhD, MSPH, FAHA; Michael J. Blaha, MD, MPH; Mary Cushman, MD, MSc, FAHA; Sandeep R. Das, MD, MPH; Sarah de Ferranti, MD, MPH; Jean-Pierre Després, PhD, FAHA; Heather J. Fullerton, MD, MAS; Virginia J. Howard, PhD, FAHA; Mark D. Huffman, MD, MPH, FAHA;(More)
The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence and distribution of hypertension and to determine the status of hypertension awareness, treatment, and control in the general adult population in China. The International Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Disease in ASIA (InterASIA), conducted in 2000–2001, used a multistage cluster sampling(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence and correlates of obese individuals who are resistant to the development of the adiposity-associated cardiometabolic abnormalities and normal-weight individuals who display cardiometabolic risk factor clustering are not well known. METHODS The prevalence and correlates of combined body mass index (normal weight, < 25.0;(More)
BACKGROUND The metabolic syndrome is a common risk factor for cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE To examine the association between the metabolic syndrome and risk for chronic kidney disease and microalbuminuria. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PATIENTS Participants 20 years of age or(More)
OBJECTIVE: Health planners and policy makers are increasingly asking for a feasible method to identify vulnerable persons with the greatest health needs. We conducted a systematic review of the association between a single item assessing general self-rated health (GSRH) and mortality. DATA SOURCES: Systematic MEDLINE and EMBASE database searches for studies(More)
BACKGROUND Declines in blood lead levels between 1976 and 1991 among US adults have been previously reported. More recent trends in blood lead levels and the association of lower blood lead levels with chronic disease have not been reported. METHODS Data from 2 nationally representative cross-sectional surveys, the Third National Health and Nutrition(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association and concordance of the new 8-item self-report Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS) with pharmacy fill data in a sample of community-dwelling seniors with hypertension. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional study. METHODS Pharmacy records for antihypertensive medications were abstracted for 87 managed care adult patients(More)
BACKGROUND The metabolic syndrome is a common risk factor for cardiovascular and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Western populations. We examined the relationship between the metabolic syndrome and risk of CKD in Chinese adults. METHODS A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a nationally representative sample of 15 160 Chinese adults aged 35-74 years.(More)
Some risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) incidence in the general population are not associated with CHD incidence among patients with ESRD but have not been well characterized in chronic kidney disease (CKD). The association of several risk factors with CHD incidence was studied among participants with CKD in the population-based Atherosclerosis(More)