Paul M Meadows

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The purpose of this paper is to review the therapeutic applications of electrical stimulation and to focus on functional neuromuscular electrical stimulation (FES), which is the production of useful muscle contractions for joint stability and limb movement. The use of FES to improve patient function during the recovery period after illness or injury and(More)
Implanted electrical stimulation technology has changed greatly in the roughly five decades of its existence. Many factors determine the viability of the technology and whether the systems and products developed ultimately go on to help the target patient population. This article describes the successful introduction of an implanted system and the(More)
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