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OBJECTIVES To characterise research relationships between medical specialists and the pharmaceutical industry in Australia. DESIGN AND SETTING Questionnaire survey of medical specialists listed in the Medical Directory of Australia and believed to be in active practice, conducted in 2002 and 2003. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Details of medical specialists'(More)
This paper is a case study in public health ethics. It considers whether there is a basis in ethics for political action by health professionals and their associations in response to inhumane treatment. The issue arises from Australia's treatment of asylum seekers and the charge that this treatment has been both immoral and inhumane. This judgement raises(More)
OBJECTIVE To gather information about views of members of the general public about access to High Cost Medications (HCMs) in public hospitals. METHODS A structured questionnaire was administered to members of the general public. Individuals were approached in train stations, shopping centres and different venues in the Sydney metropolitan area. People(More)
Alliances between the medical profession and the pharmaceutical industry have become increasingly widespread in recent years. While there are clearly benefits for doctors and their patients derived from the medical profession working with industry, concern has arisen that the commercial imperative of industry may conflict with physicians' independence and(More)
OBJECTIVE The glandular kallikreins are a family of enzymes involved in the post-translational processing of polypeptides. Three family members have been characterized in the human: glandular kallikrein (KLK1) and two genes expressed in the prostate, KLK2 or hGK1 and KLK3 or prostate specific antigen (PSA). Both kallikrein immunoreactivity and KLK1 mRNA(More)
Electrophysiology of human growth hormone secreting tumour cells and its modification by hGRF has been studied using on-cell and Nystatin-perforated whole-cell recording configurations. Local application of hGRF (10 nM) produced an increase in the frequency of action potentials. Ca2+ currents were isolated by a ramp depolarizing pulse from -120 mV to +60 mV(More)
This paper argues against paying people to participate in research. Volunteering to participate as a subject in a research program is not like taking a job. The main difference is to do with the risks inherent in research. Experimentation on human beings is, by definition, trying out something with an unknown consequence and exposes people to risks of harm(More)
Teaching ethics incorporates teaching of knowledge as well as skills and attitudes. Each of these requires different teaching and assessment methods. A core curriculum of ethics knowledge must address both the foundations of ethics and specific ethical topics. Ethical skills teaching focuses on the development of ethical awareness, moral reasoning,(More)
Completed questionnaires were received from 89 (88%) of the 101 Australian institutions identified as having an ethics committee which reviewed research on human subjects. The majority (75%) of committees complied with national requirements to include a layman, a laywoman, a minister of religion, a lawyer and a medical graduate with research experience in(More)
Mistakes in medicine, particularly when patients have suffered harm as a result, are of ethical concern as breaching a fundamental injunction in medicine: "first do not harm". To minimise the chances of a recurrence, an effective response to harm must take into account both the concerns of patients who have been harmed and the concerns of doctors who may(More)