Paul M. Hoffman

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The susceptibility of neonates to virus-induced disease is thought to reflect, in part, the immaturity of their immune systems. However, inoculation of newborn mice with low doses of Cas-Br-M murine leukemia virus induced a protective cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response. The inability of neonates to develop a CTL response to high doses of virus was not(More)
AbstractAims To assess the clinical features, pathology, mortality (systemic outcome) and ocular complications (visual outcome) of a cohort of patients treated for intraocular lymphoma.Methods Retrospective case analysis of medical records and review of pathology of a consecutive series of patients presenting with intraocular lymphoma in Melbourne over 11(More)
Inflammatory tissue damage and the presence of reactive immunocompetent T lymphocytes, macrophages, microglia, and dendritic cells (DCs) are characteristic features in the human chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease, multiple sclerosis (MS). Together, these cells orchestrate the inflammation and immunopathogenesis underlying the MS autoimmune disease(More)
Urinary ammonium excretion, in vitro ammoniagenesis and the activities of renal cortical phosphate-dependent glutaminase (PDG) and glutamic dehydrogenase (GLDH) were measured in rats with a reduced renal mass. Following contralateral nephrectomy, ammonium excretion per nephron, ammonia production and the activities of PDG and GLDH were all increased(More)
The neuronal pathology caused by neonatal infection of rats with the PVC-211 murine leukemia virus (PVC-211 MuLV) and its underlying mechanisms are not well defined even though a loss of neurons and spongiform neurodegeneration has been reported to accompany the disease. Here we sought to identify sites of neurodegeneration using microglial reactivity as an(More)
Entry of ecotropic murine leukemia virus (MuLV) into host cells is initiated by interaction between the receptor-binding domain of the viral SU protein and the third extracellular domain (TED) of the receptor, cationic amino acid transporter 1 (CAT1). To study the molecular basis for the retrovirus-receptor interaction, mouse CAT1 (mCAT1) was expressed in(More)
T cell-mediated production of IFN-gamma followed infection of adult, but not neonatal NFS/N mice with Cas-Br-M murine leukemia virus (Cas). The IFN-gamma response was associated with the appearance of CTL specific for Cas and with age-dependent resistance to neurologic disease. While both immune responses were mediated by a CD8-enriched population of T(More)
We have formulated a series of precautions to be observed in caring for patients with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and in handling their tissues. The virus resists inactivation by simple boiling in water. Also ineffective are 10 per cent formalin, 70 per cent alcohol and ionizing and ultraviolet radiation. Autoclaving for one hour at 121 degrees C and 20 psi(More)