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CONTEXT Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus are associated with increased levels of IL-6, a marker of inflammation. OBJECTIVE This study addressed the question of whether IL-6 was released from skeletal muscle after a high-fat meal in men with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), a prediabetic state, and whether IL-6 release could be reduced by weight loss.(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY Preoperative left ventricular (LV) function is the strongest predictor of outcome after valve replacement for aortic stenosis (AS). Although pressure-volume analysis with the conductance catheter technique can provide detailed information on LV systolic and diastolic function, this technique has not yet been used in AS(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that remifentanil-propofol cardiac anaesthesia, plus administration of pirinitramide (piritramide) upon cessation of the remifentanil infusion, would be associated with a shorter time to tracheal extubation than alfentanil-propofol anaesthesia, without the occurrence of major haemodynamic instability. METHODS(More)
The use and the hemodynamic effects of propofol and midazolam were studied during titrated continuous infusions to deep sedation (sedation level 5: asleep, sluggish response to light glabellar tap or loud auditory stimulus) following coronary artery surgery. The drugs were compared in 30 ventilated patients in an open randomized study. The duration of(More)
UNLABELLED The sympatholytic effect of the alpha(2)-adrenergic agonist dexmedetomidine may decrease emergence-related myocardial ischemic load in patients. However, a direct measure of myocardial ischemia, such as myocardial lactate release, is difficult to obtain in patients. Therefore, we studied mongrel dogs and measured myocardial lactate release,(More)
BACKGROUND Exhaled breath analysis is an emerging technology in respiratory disease and infection. Electronic nose devices (e-nose) are small and portable with a potential for point of care application. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common nosocomial infection occurring in the intensive care unit (ICU). The current best diagnostic approach is(More)
OBJECTIVE An impaired fatty acid handling in skeletal muscle may be involved in the development of insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2). We investigated muscle fatty acid metabolism in glucose-intolerant men (impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)), a prediabetic state, relative to BMI-matched control men (normal glucose tolerance (NGT)) during(More)
Authoritative guidelines state that the diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) can be established using either endotracheal aspirate (ETA) or bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) analysis, thereby suggesting that their results are considered to be in accordance. Therefore, the results of ETA Gram staining and semiquantitative cultures were(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate short-term outcomes and mortality after interhospital transportation of intensive care patients performed by a mobile intensive care unit (MICU). SETTING This study was performed in the tertiary care process of interhospital transportation using the local MICU system in the South East of the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS Between March(More)
OBJECTIVES Central venous pressure (CVP) and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) are insensitive preload markers and sometimes misleading. The introduction of the pulse contour method for monitoring of continuous cardiac output enabled the real-time quantification of stroke volume variation (SVV). Studies evaluating the accuracy of this parameter as a(More)