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OBJECTIVE The goal of this 10-year naturalistic study was to examine, in clozapine-treated patients, the change in cardiovascular risk factors following clozapine initiation and the mortality estimates from cardiovascular disease. METHOD Data were collected from medical records from January 1992 to December 2003 and included age, gender, race, diagnosis,(More)
BACKGROUND While the incidence of new-onset diabetes mellitus may be increasing in patients with schizophrenia treated with certain atypical antipsychotic agents, it remains unclear whether atypical agents are directly affecting glucose metabolism or simply increasing known risk factors for diabetes. OBJECTIVE To study the 2 drugs most clearly implicated(More)
OBJECTIVE Weight gain is commonly observed with olanzapine treatment and can increase the risk for obesity, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus. This study examined the effectiveness of sibutramine, an approved weight loss agent, in overweight and obese subjects taking olanzapine for schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. (More)
Olanzapine treatment has been associated with clinically meaningful weight increases, hypertriglyceridemia, insulin resistance, and diabetes mellitus. There are few options for olanzapine responders who fail other antipsychotic agents. Aripiprazole is a potent (high-affinity) partial agonist at D2 and 5-HT1A receptors and a potent antagonist at 5-HT2A(More)
OBJECTIVE We conducted a retrospective epidemiologic study assessing the incidence of new-onset diabetes mellitus presenting as diabetic ketoacidosis in patients with schizophrenic disorders (ICD-9 295.0-295.9; referred to as "schizophrenia patients" hereafter) treated with atypical antipsychotic agents. METHOD The identification of patients and the(More)
UNLABELLED This study sought to examine the effectiveness of sibutramine, a weight loss agent, on clozapine-associated weight gain. METHOD This was a 12-week double-blind, placebo controlled, randomized trial of sibutramine for weight loss in obese clozapine-treated schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder subjects. RESULTS Ten patients were enrolled(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined the effects of adjunctive aripiprazole therapy on metabolism in clozapine-treated patients with schizophrenia. METHOD In an 8-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, subjects received either aripiprazole (15 mg/day) or placebo. At baseline and week 8, metabolic parameters were assessed by the frequently(More)
BACKGROUND High dietary saturated fat (SF) intake is strongly linked to metabolic disturbances. The goal of this study was to understand the relationship between clozapine and risperidone with glucose and lipid metabolism and dietary fat intake in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS Thirty-one clozapine-treated patients and 15 risperidone-treated(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary purpose of this 8-week double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of rosiglitazone 4 mg/day was to examine its effect on insulin sensitivity index (SI) and glucose utilization (SG) in clozapine-treated subjects with schizophrenia with insulin resistance. METHOD Eighteen subjects were randomized and accessed with a Frequently Sampled(More)
Eating disorder patients often abuse laxatives in an attempt to purge excess food. Laxative abuse can cause hypokalemia and volume depletion. Hypokalemia, in turn, can lead to rhabdomyolysis. Laxative-induced hypokalemia and volume depletion have been previously reported to cause renal insufficiency, but not severe enough to require hemodialysis. A(More)