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We have shown previously that four of five white mutant alleles arising in P-M dysgenic hybrids result from the insertion of strongly homologous DNA sequence elements. We have named these P elements. We report that P elements are present in 30-50 copies per haploid genome in all P strains examined and apparently are missing entirely from all M strains(More)
We describe the isolation of a cloned DNA segment carrying unique sequences from the white locus of Drosophila melanogaster. Sequences within the cloned segment are shown to hybridize in situ to the white locus region on the polytene chromosomes of both wild-type strains and strains carrying chromosomal rearrangements whose breakpoints bracket the white(More)
Two unrelated pre-mRNA splicing regulators-suppressor-of-white-apricot (su(wa)) and transformer (tra)-contain distinctive, approximately 120 amino acid arginine/serine (RS)-rich domains. Deletion of the su(wa) RS domain eliminates function. Replacement with the tra RS domain restores su(wa) function to nearly wild-type levels. Replacement with a 10 amino(More)
We have analyzed the structures of 19 mutant alleles at the white locus of Drosophila melanogaster. Thirteen of the mutant alleles in our selected sample arose spontaneously, and of these, seven are associated with insertions of non-white-region DNA sequence elements. Several lines of evidence strongly suggest that these insertions are responsible for their(More)
Humans are unique among all species of terrestrial history in both ecological dominance and individual properties. Many, or perhaps all, of the unique elements of this nonpareil status can be plausibly interpreted as evolutionary and strategic elements and consequences of the unprecedented intensity and scale of our social cooperation. Convincing(More)
The molecular nature of mutations arising in dysgenic hybrids between P and M Drosophila melanogaster strains has been investigated. Seven independent mutations at the white locus were examined, and these fell into two classes on the basis of their genetic and structural properties. The five mutations comprising the first class were caused by DNA insertions(More)
We report studies using an enhanced experimental system to investigate organization of nuclear pre-mRNA metabolism. It is based on the powerful genetic system and polytene nuclei of Drosophila. We observe (at steady state) movement of a specific pre-mRNA between its gene and the nuclear surface. This movement is isotropic, at rates consistent with diffusion(More)
Results are described demonstrating that several X chromosomes of Drosophila melanogaster carrying the Wa (white-apricot) mutant allele also carry homology to the copia transposable element in distal 3C of the polytene chromosome map as assessed by situ hybridization. The locus of the Wa mutation, white, resides in distal 3C. We further show, using fine(More)
Both the white mutant allele, wDZL, and the zeste mutant allele, z1, reduce white transcript levels in adult head tissues, but have no effect on these levels in other tested adult tissues. wDZL results from insertion of a complex transposon approximately 5.0 kb 5' to white. Juxtaposition of this transposon to white produces a novel transcription unit(More)