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BACKGROUND Behavioral and cognitive problems are frequently encountered in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). The underlying mechanisms are unknown. Based on previous data showing that the dopamine system is involved in motor as well as cognitive functions, we tested whether JME may be associated with changes in this system, and if such changes are linked(More)
To improve the efficiency of standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), we evaluated the potential value of impeding respiratory gas exchange selectively during the decompression phase of standard CPR in a porcine model of ventricular fibrillation. After 6 min of untreated cardiac arrest, anesthetized farm pigs weighing 30 kg were randomized to be(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to assess whether intermittent impedance of inspiratory gas exchange improves the efficiency of standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). BACKGROUND Standard CPR relies on the natural elastic recoil of the chest to transiently decrease intrathoracic pressures and thereby promote venous blood return to the heart. To(More)
Spatially localized phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance (31P NMR) spectroscopy has been applied to the study of the normal canine myocardium to measure the relative content of high energy phosphates across the left ventricular wall. Transmural NMR data were acquired in five voxels spanning the wall of the left ventricle using the FLAX-ISIS technique.(More)
OBJECTIVE The intraosseous route is an emergency alternative for the administration of drugs and fluids if vascular access cannot be established. However, in hemorrhagic shock or after vasopressors are given during resuscitation, bone marrow blood flow may be decreased, thus impairing absorption of intraosseously administered drugs. In this study, we(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to compare the effects of vasopressin vs. epinephrine vs. the combination of epinephrine with vasopressin on vital organ blood flow and return of spontaneous circulation in a pediatric porcine model of asphyxial arrest. DESIGN Prospective, randomized laboratory investigation using an established porcine model for(More)
OBJECTIVE We recently demonstrated that vasopressin alone resulted in a poorer outcome in a pediatric porcine model of asphyxial cardiac arrest when compared with epinephrine alone or with epinephrine plus vasopressin in combination. Accordingly, this study was designed to differentiate whether the inferior effects of vasopressin in pediatrics were caused(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) contributes to epicardial coronary artery vasodilation during exercise. However, blockade of NO production does not impair the increase in coronary blood flow (CBF) during exercise, suggesting that NO is not obligatory for exercise-induced coronary resistance vessel dilation. In contrast, the increases in CBF(More)
Both epinephrine (Epi) and vasopressin (VP) increase coronary perfusion pressure (CPP) when administered during cardiac arrest. Given their different mechanisms of action we tested the hypothesis that during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) a combination of VP plus Epi would be superior to either agent alone. Epi(40 microg/kg), VP(0.3 U/kg) and the(More)
To determine whether progressive regional myocardial dysfunction occurs after repetitive episodes of exercise-induced ischemia, 10 dogs were instrumented with ultrasonic microcrystals for determination of regional myocardial wall thickening, circumflex artery electromagnetic flow probes, and hydraulic coronary artery occluders. Dogs performed treadmill(More)