Paul Lichtenstein

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BACKGROUND The contribution of hereditary factors to the causation of sporadic cancer is unclear. Studies of twins make it possible to estimate the overall contribution of inherited genes to the development of malignant diseases. METHODS We combined data on 44,788 pairs of twins listed in the Swedish, Danish, and Finnish twin registries in order to assess(More)
BACKGROUND Whether schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are the clinical outcomes of discrete or shared causative processes is much debated in psychiatry. We aimed to assess genetic and environmental contributions to liability for schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and their comorbidity. METHODS We linked the multi-generation register, which contains(More)
The Swedish Twin Registry (STR), which today has developed into a unique resource, was first established in the late 1950s to study the importance of smoking and alcohol consumption on cancer and cardiovascular diseases whilst controlling for genetic propensity to disease. Since that time, the Registry has been expanded and updated on several occasions, and(More)
OBJECTIVE Autism spectrum disorders are considered to be among the most heritable mental disorders, a notion based on surprisingly sparse data from small clinical studies. Population-based studies of the heritability of other neuropsychiatric disorders and comorbidities among them have also been sparse. The authors sought to address both of these issues. (More)
Case-control studies of lifestyle factors have been inconclusive in the study of endometrial cancer, and prospective data are scarce. Our aim was to examine the associations of physical activity, weight and weight change, fruit, vegetable, and alcohol consumption, socio-economic status, parity and presence of diabetes mellitus with the risk of endometrial(More)
The Swedish Twin Registry was first established in the late 1950s. Today it includes more than 170,000 twins--in principle, all twins born in Sweden since 1886. In this article we describe some ongoing and recently completed projects based on the registry. In particular, we describe recent efforts to screen all twins born between 1959 and 1985, and young(More)
Pair-bonding has been suggested to be a critical factor in the evolutionary development of the social brain. The brain neuropeptide arginine vasopressin (AVP) exerts an important influence on pair-bonding behavior in voles. There is a strong association between a polymorphic repeat sequence in the 5' flanking region of the gene (avpr1a) encoding one of the(More)
A recent genome-wide association study (GWAS) reported evidence for association between rs1344706 within ZNF804A (encoding zinc-finger protein 804A) and schizophrenia (P=1.61 × 10(-7)), and stronger evidence when the phenotype was broadened to include bipolar disorder (P=9.96 × 10(-9)). In this study we provide additional evidence for association through(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the association between method of attempted suicide and risk of subsequent successful suicide. DESIGN Cohort study with follow-up for 21-31 years. SETTING Swedish national register linkage study. PARTICIPANTS 48,649 individuals admitted to hospital in 1973-82 after attempted suicide. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE Completed suicide,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the impact of coexistent psychiatric morbidity on risk of suicide after a suicide attempt. DESIGN Cohort study with follow-up for 21-31 years. SETTING Swedish national register based study. PARTICIPANTS 39 685 people (53% women) admitted to hospital for attempted suicide during 1973-82. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE Completed suicide(More)