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BACKGROUND Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease, partly owing to dyslipidaemia, which can be amenable to fibrate therapy. We designed the Fenofibrate Intervention and Event Lowering in Diabetes (FIELD) study to assess the effect of fenofibrate on cardiovascular disease events in these patients. METHODS We(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Fenofibrate caused an acute, sustained plasma creatinine increase in the Fenofibrate Intervention and Event Lowering in Diabetes (FIELD) and Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) studies. We assessed fenofibrate's renal effects overall and in a FIELD washout sub-study. METHODS Type 2 diabetic patients (n = 9,795) aged(More)
The relationship between chemical structure and the clinical activity and toxicity of several second-line antirheumatic drugs is examined. The presence of a thiol group in many of these agents has previously been noted, but most of the compounds additionally either possess, or form metabolites containing, the ethanethiol backbone or a similar ring(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS To compare the effectiveness of low-fat high-protein and low-fat high-carbohydrate dietary advice on weight loss, using group-based interventions, among overweight people with type 2 diabetes. Study design Multicentre parallel (1:1) design, blinded randomised controlled trial. METHODS Individuals with type 2 diabetes aged 30–75 years and a(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known of the effects of blood pressure reduction by specific classes of antihypertensive drugs on the association between proteinuria reduction and progression of kidney insufficiency and development of end-stage kidney disease in patients with overt diabetic nephropathy in type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS Associations between(More)
The clinical features, diagnosis and management of 16 consecutive patients with ectopic ACTH production are described and biochemical data are compared with those of 48 consecutive patients with pituitary-dependent Cushing's disease. In 10 cases the ectopic ACTH secreting tumour was completely occult to routine clinical and radiological investigation, and(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with diabetes have increased risk for adverse cardiovascular events. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors are protective in type 1 diabetes. However, no definitive studies have examined the use of angiotensin-receptor blockers in patients with type 2 diabetes and overt nephropathy. The primary outcomes of the Irbesartan Diabetic(More)
Elevated arterial pressure enhances the risk for cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with diabetic nephropathy. The optimal BP and the component of the elevated BP that affect the risk have not been defined. A post hoc analysis was performed to assess the impact of achieved systolic, diastolic, and pulse pressures on CV outcomes in 1590 adults who had(More)
OBJECTIVE To derive a 5-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk equation from usual-care data that is appropriate for people with type 2 diabetes from a wide range of ethnic groups, variable glycemic control, and high rates of albuminuria in New Zealand. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This prospective open-cohort study used primary-care data from 36,127(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetic patients with moderate renal impairment (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] 30-59 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) are at particular cardiovascular risk. Fenofibrate's safety in these patients is an issue because it may elevate plasma creatinine. Furthermore, guidelines regarding fenofibrate dosing in renal impairment vary internationally. We(More)