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Using a functional screen in Xenopus embryos, we identified a novel function for the HMG box protein XSox17 beta. Ectopic expression of XSox17 beta ventralizes embryos by inhibiting the Wnt pathway downstream of beta-catenin but upstream of the Wnt-responsive gene Siamois. XSox17 beta also represses transactivation of a TCF/LEF-dependent reporter construct(More)
A yeast two-hybrid screen has identified HBP1 as a transcription factor capable of interacting with the pocket protein family. We show that HBP1 can interact with one of these, RB, both in vitro and in mammalian cells. Two distinct RB binding sites are present within HBP1--a high affinity binding site, mediated by an LXCXE motif and a separate low affinity(More)
We previously reported that human CD4+ Tregs secrete high levels of IL-10 when stimulated in the presence of dexamethasone and calcitriol (vitamin D3). We now show that following stimulation by allergen, IL-10-secreting Tregs inhibit cytokine secretion by allergen-specific Th2 cells in an IL-10-dependent manner. A proportion of patients with severe asthma(More)
Bone scanning with radioactive isotopes has been used to study a wide variety of disorders. Recently certain phosphate compounds, labelled with technetium, have been used as bone scanning agents. The comparative merits of three technetium-labelled phosphate compounds currently available for bone scanning--pyrophosphate, tripolyphosphate and(More)
Recent discoveries of plant retinoblastoma (Rb) protein homologues and D-type cyclins suggest that control of the onset of cell division in plants may have stronger parallels with mammalian G1/S controls than with yeasts. In mammals, the Rb protein interacts specifically with D-type cyclins and regulates cell proliferation by binding and inhibiting E2F(More)
Non-invasive mucosal sampling (nasosorption and nasal curettage) was used following nasal allergen challenge with grass pollen in subjects with allergic rhinitis, in order to define the molecular basis of the late allergic reaction (LAR). It was found that the nasal LAR to grass pollen involves parallel changes in pathways of type 2 inflammation (IL-4, IL-5(More)
Twenty-seven patients with brain glioma were scanned using 123I-labeled monoclonal antibodies against epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR1) or placental alkaline phosphatase (H17E2). Successful localization was achieved in 18 out of 27 patients. Eleven out of 27 patients were also studied using a nonspecific control antibody (11.4.1) of the same(More)
The residue and extraction of technetium-labelled methylene diphosphonate (99mTc-MDP), a substance used in bone scanning, was examined in the canine tibia and found to be low. Examination of washout curves suggested that there were four compartments in cortical bone, a vascular, a perivascular, a bone fluid and a bone compartment. After an osteotomy in the(More)
The passage of technetium-labelled methylene diphosphonate (99mTc-MDP) across rat bone was examined by autoradiography. The autoradiographs showed that shortly after an injection of the bone-seeking agent there was activity outside the bone, within the bone marrow and also adjacent to the highly vascular epiphysial plate; the distribution of the isotope in(More)