Paul Lavender

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Using a functional screen in Xenopus embryos, we identified a novel function for the HMG box protein XSox17 beta. Ectopic expression of XSox17 beta ventralizes embryos by inhibiting the Wnt pathway downstream of beta-catenin but upstream of the Wnt-responsive gene Siamois. XSox17 beta also represses transactivation of a TCF/LEF-dependent reporter construct(More)
Recent discoveries of plant retinoblastoma (Rb) protein homologues and D-type cyclins suggest that control of the onset of cell division in plants may have stronger parallels with mammalian G1/S controls than with yeasts. In mammals, the Rb protein interacts specifically with D-type cyclins and regulates cell proliferation by binding and inhibiting E2F(More)
We previously reported that human CD4+ Tregs secrete high levels of IL-10 when stimulated in the presence of dexamethasone and calcitriol (vitamin D3). We now show that following stimulation by allergen, IL-10-secreting Tregs inhibit cytokine secretion by allergen-specific Th2 cells in an IL-10-dependent manner. A proportion of patients with severe asthma(More)
Greater clinical benefit in controlling the symptoms of asthma is frequently observed through combining moderate doses of inhaled glucocorticoids together with long-acting beta(2)-agonists, as compared with increasing glucocorticoid dosage alone. To address in vitro whether glucocorticoids plus beta(2)-agonists, compared with glucocorticoids alone, have(More)
Phenotypic modulation of airway smooth muscle (ASM) is an important feature of airway remodeling in asthma that is characterized by enhanced proliferation and secretion of pro-inflammatory chemokines. These activities are regulated by the concentration of free Ca(2+) in the cytosol ([Ca(2+)](i)). A rise in [Ca(2+)](i) is normalized by rapid reuptake of(More)
A yeast two-hybrid screen has identified HBP1 as a transcription factor capable of interacting with the pocket protein family. We show that HBP1 can interact with one of these, RB, both in vitro and in mammalian cells. Two distinct RB binding sites are present within HBP1--a high affinity binding site, mediated by an LXCXE motif and a separate low affinity(More)
The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is a hormone-inducible transcription factor which activates transcription of specific genes by binding to a DNA sequence present in the promoters of inducible genes. These glucocorticoid response elements (GREs) have a conserved palindromic sequence. Each half-GRE palindrome binds one subunit of GR. We have assessed the(More)
Glucocorticoids are the mainstay of asthma therapy and mediate the repression of a number of cytokine genes, such as Interleukin (IL)-4, -5, -13, and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), which are central to the pathogenesis of asthmatic airway inflammation. The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) mediates repression by a number of diverse(More)
Twenty-seven patients with brain glioma were scanned using 123I-labeled monoclonal antibodies against epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR1) or placental alkaline phosphatase (H17E2). Successful localization was achieved in 18 out of 27 patients. Eleven out of 27 patients were also studied using a nonspecific control antibody (11.4.1) of the same(More)