Paul Lane

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Nitric oxide (NO) is a free-radical product of mammalian cell metabolism that plays diverse and important roles in the regulation of cell function. Biological actions of NO arise as a direct consequence of chemical reactions between NO or NO-derived species and protein targets. Reactions of NO with transition metals in target proteins have garnered the most(More)
Appreciation of the role of nitric oxide (NO) in mammalian cell biology has toppled the paradigm that biological signaling is initiated exclusively by noncovalent, lock-and-key-type interactions with receptor proteins. Remarkably, nitric oxide is a free radical that signals by chemical reaction with its protein targets, resulting in covalent modifications(More)
Nitric oxide synthases (NOSs) are classified functionally, based on whether calmodulin binding is Ca2+-dependent (cNOS) or Ca2+-independent (iNOS). This key dichotomy has not been defined at the molecular level. Here we show that cNOS isoforms contain a unique polypeptide insert in their FMN binding domains which is not shared with iNOS or other related(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic, disease-associated oxidative stress induces myocardial peroxynitrite formation that may lead to nitrosative inhibition of the calcium cycling protein sarcoplasmic endoreticular calcium adenosine triphosphatase subtype 2a (SERCA2a). The current study was designed to test the hypothesis that the acute oxidative stress associated with lung(More)
Diminished nitric oxide (NO) bioactivity and enhanced peroxynitrite formation have been implicated as major contributors to atherosclerotic vascular dysfunctions. Hallmark reactions of peroxynitrite include the accumulation of 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT) in proteins and oxidation of the NO synthase (NOS) cofactor, tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)). The present study(More)
The determination of dissolved CO(2) and HCO(3)(-) concentrations as well as the carbon dioxide production rate in mammalian cell suspension culture is attracting more and more attention since the effects on major cell properties, such as cell growth rate, product quality/production rate, intracellular pH and apoptosis, have been revealed. But the(More)
Although fed-batch suspension culture of animal cells continues to be of industrial importance for the large scale production of pharmaceutical products, existing control concepts are still insufficient. Changes in cell metabolism during cultivation and between similar cultivations, the complexity of the cell metabolism, and the lack of on-line state(More)