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Selective inhibition of the BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase by imatinib (STI571, Glivec/Gleevec) is a promising new therapeutic strategy in patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Despite significant hematologic and cytogenetic responses, resistance occurs, particularly in patients with advanced disease. We sought to determine the underlying mechanisms.(More)
Treatment of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) has been developed primarily in pediatric centers, where familial HLH (FHL) is the leading cause of HLH in newborns and toddlers. The Histiocyte Society Study Group for HLH developed the HLH-94 and HLH-2004 treatment protocols, and these are frequently also used by centers treating HLH in adults (aHLH).(More)
Imatinib mesylate is a selective Bcr-Abl kinase inhibitor, effective in the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia. Most patients in chronic phase maintain durable responses; however, many in blast crisis fail to respond, or relapse quickly. Kinase domain mutations are the most commonly identified mechanism associated with relapse. Many of these(More)
Imatinib is a molecularly targeted therapy that inhibits the oncogenic fusion protein BCR-ABL, the tyrosine kinase involved in the pathogenesis of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Selective inhibition of BCR-ABL activity by imatinib has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of CML, particularly in chronic phase. Some patients, however, primarily those(More)
For patients with chronic myeloid leukemia who become or are inherently resistant to imatinib therapy, including dose escalation, several important factors must be considered when deciding which strategy to attempt next. The second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) dasatinib and nilotinib offer improved potency and a high likelihood of success(More)
Oncogenic mutations of the receptor tyrosine kinase KIT occur in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), some cases of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), and systemic mastocytosis (SM). GISTs commonly contain mutations of the KIT juxtamembrane region while SM and AML harbor active site KIT mutations. Imatinib, which potently inhibits juxtamembrane mutants,(More)
Actual BCR-ABL kinase inhibition in vivo as determined by phospho-CRKL (pCRKL) monitoring has been recognized as a prognostic parameter in patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia treated with imatinib. We report a biomarker sub-study of the international phase I clinical trial of nilotinib (AMN107) using the established pCRKL assay in imatinib-resistant(More)
The hyperinflammatory syndrome hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis can occur in the context of malignancies. Malignancy-triggered hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis should be regarded separately from hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis during chemotherapeutic treatment, which is frequently associated with an infectious trigger. The substantial overlap between(More)
For patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia who fail first-line therapy, several factors should be considered for the decision of the next treatment option. Second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) dasatinib, nilotinib, and bosutinib offer improved potency and a high likelihood of success for these patients. Overall, efficacy data are(More)