Paul La Rosée

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Selective inhibition of the BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase by imatinib (STI571, Glivec/Gleevec) is a promising new therapeutic strategy in patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Despite significant hematologic and cytogenetic responses, resistance occurs, particularly in patients with advanced disease. We sought to determine the underlying mechanisms.(More)
Imatinib mesylate is a selective Bcr-Abl kinase inhibitor, effective in the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia. Most patients in chronic phase maintain durable responses; however, many in blast crisis fail to respond, or relapse quickly. Kinase domain mutations are the most commonly identified mechanism associated with relapse. Many of these(More)
The advent of imatinib has been a major breakthrough in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) treatment. A few patients treated with imatinib are either refractory to imatinib or eventually relapse. Resistance is frequently associated with mutations in the kinase domain of BCR-ABL. Over 100 point mutations coding for single amino acid substitutions in the BCR-ABL(More)
STI-571, a new Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration, is highly effective in treating the early stages of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), but remissions induced in advanced phases tend to be relatively short-lived, an observation that suggests the development of de novo resistance to the drug (1, 2). Gorre et(More)
Clinical phase I/II studies with the Abl kinase inhibitor imatinib mesylate (Gleevec/Glivec, formerly STI571) for the treatment for chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) demonstrated the safety and the remarkable efficacy of this molecularly targeted agent. However, a significant proportion of patients treated in the chronic phase of the disease after having(More)
Treatment of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) has been developed primarily in pediatric centers, where familial HLH (FHL) is the leading cause of HLH in newborns and toddlers. The Histiocyte Society Study Group for HLH developed the HLH-94 and HLH-2004 treatment protocols, and these are frequently also used by centers treating HLH in adults (aHLH).(More)
Oncogenic mutations of the receptor tyrosine kinase KIT occur in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), some cases of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), and systemic mastocytosis (SM). GISTs commonly contain mutations of the KIT juxtamembrane region while SM and AML harbor active site KIT mutations. Imatinib, which potently inhibits juxtamembrane mutants,(More)
For patients with chronic myeloid leukemia who become or are inherently resistant to imatinib therapy, including dose escalation, several important factors must be considered when deciding which strategy to attempt next. The second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) dasatinib and nilotinib offer improved potency and a high likelihood of success(More)
Actual BCR-ABL kinase inhibition in vivo as determined by phospho-CRKL (pCRKL) monitoring has been recognized as a prognostic parameter in patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia treated with imatinib. We report a biomarker sub-study of the international phase I clinical trial of nilotinib (AMN107) using the established pCRKL assay in imatinib-resistant(More)
The degree of tumor load reduction after therapy is an important prognostic factor for patients with CML. Conventional metaphase analysis has been considered to be the 'gold standard' for evaluating patient response to treatment but this technique normally requires bone marrow aspiration and is therefore invasive. The frequency of cytogenetic analyses can(More)