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Authentication is the process where claims of identity are verified. Most mechanisms of authentication (e.g., digital signatures and certificates) exist above the physical layer, though some (e.g., spread-spectrum communications) exist at the physical layer often with an additional cost in bandwidth. This paper introduces a general analysis and design(More)
We consider authentication of a wireless multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) system by deliberately introducing a stealthy fingerprint at the physical layer. The fingerprint is superimposed onto the data and uniquely conveys an authentication message as a function of the transmitted data and a shared secret key. A symbol synchronous approach to(More)
Midshaft radial bone mass was first measured from 1970 through 1972 by photon absorptiometry in 42 pairs of monozygotic (MZ) and 38 pairs of dizygotic (DZ) male Caucasian twins (age 44-55 years). The MZ intraclass correlation (rMZ) of .70 was significantly larger (P less than .05) than the DZ correlation (rDZ) of .45, providing evidence for genetic(More)
An earlier report showed significant differences among Huntington disease (HD) patients, controls, and particular age cohorts of at-risk persons for several dimensions of body mass and for several linear and craniofacial components of the body. In this investigation a function was derived from a stepwise discriminant analysis of the affected and unaffected(More)
2'-Deoxyguanosine (3) and native DNA both give rise to exocyclic 1,N2-(1,3-propano)-2'-deoxyguanosine adducts 6 and 7 upon treatment with acrolein (1), a known mutagen, in vitro under physiological conditions. The use of synthetic deoxyoligonucleotides containing adduct 6 or 7 could shed light on the mechanism of the mutagenicity of 1 and on the nature of(More)
Electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings were made from 26 pairs of monozygotic (MZ) and 26 pairs of dizygotic (DZ) adult male twins, before and after alcohol ingestion. After a baseline EEG and a light breakfast, 1.2 ml/kg of ethanol was given orally over 15 min and the EEG repeated four times at hourly intervals. Alcohol caused a significant drop in the(More)
Serum samples from 175 individuals in six Sanfilippo syndrome type B (SFB) families and 360 White controls were assayed for serum alpha-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) activity. Only minimal overlap was observed between the controls' NAG activity distribution and that of the 12 obligate heterozygotes. The distribution of NAG activity was log transformed to(More)
To demonstrate the presence of independent genetic determinants of multiple correlated tooth dimensions from twin data, a multivariate analysis was performed on the covariance matrices of monozygotic and dizygotic within-pair differences for mesiodistal and buccolingual dimensions of 28 teeth of the secondary dentition. The results provided strong evidences(More)
In this paper we consider a model in which genetic factors that control aging also modify expression of the Huntington disease (HD) gene. Significant correlation coefficients were obtained for age-at-onset (AO) and age-at-death (AD) between affected parents and their affected offspring. However, more relevant to our hypothesis, the correlations between mean(More)