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OBJECTIVE To assess pulmonary abnormalities detected by high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) in young children with cystic fibrosis (CF) and mild to moderate lung disease. STUDY DESIGN High-resolution computed tomography was performed in 60 children, 6 to 10 years old, with mild to moderate lung disease (forced expiratory volume in 1 minute(More)
This prospective study evaluates the ability of MRI using T1-weighted fat-suppressed spin-echo (T1FS) and dynamic gadolinium chelate (Gd) enhanced spoiled-gradient echo (SGE) to detect the presence of pancreatic tumor in patients in whom spiral CT findings are inconclusive. Sixteen consecutive patients who underwent spiral CT and had findings that were(More)
Background. Outcome surrogates are indicators that reflect, rather than directly measure, patient benefit. In order to provide useful results, however, outcome surrogates must be carefully chosen and must meet specific criteria. Objective. To support development of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) as an outcome surrogate in cystic fibrosis (CF) by(More)
OBJECTIVE High-resolution CT is an important tool in the detection and management of bronchiectasis, but there is little information about high-resolution CT findings in primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). We analyzed all high-resolution CT studies of the chest available for a cohort of PCD patients to identify an associated pattern of high-resolution CT(More)
RATIONALE High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) has been suggested as a potential outcome surrogate for cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease. An important attribute of a valid outcome surrogate is that the surrogate reflects true clinical outcomes. OBJECTIVES We performed this study to validate HRCT, a proposed surrogate outcome measure for CF lung(More)
The prevalence of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) is high (approximately 13%) in sputum of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), but the impact on lung disease is unknown. We followed 60 incident NTM-positive and 99 culture-negative patients with CF for 15 months and assessed clinical impact of NTM by FEV1 and high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of(More)
PURPOSE To assess the potential for reduction of contrast material dose in hepatic spiral computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS Four hundred eighty-seven outpatients were randomized prospectively into nine biphasic and eight uniphasic injection protocols: 75, 100, or 125 mL of 240, 300, or 350 mg of iodine per milliliter of iohexol (18-44 grams(More)
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging studies of 47 children without thymic disease were compared with those of 14 children with proved thymic abnormalities (eg, lymphoma, leukemia, hyperplasia) to evaluate the spectrum of MR features of the normal and abnormal thymus and to determine the best indicators of thymic disease. In healthy children younger than 5 years(More)
We compared two imaging techniques, spiral CT arterial portography (CTAP) and MR imaging, for diagnostic accuracy, procedural cost, and effect on management of 26 patients referred for hepatic surgery for suspected limited malignant liver disease. CTAP and MR imaging were done within a 1-week period (19 within 24 hours); the results of the studies were(More)
MR imaging is an excellent technique for identifying and defining the extent of thymic tumors. T1-weighted spin-echo MR images (e.g., 600/15 [TR/TE]) best demonstrate tumor extent, and T2-weighted images (e.g., 2500/90 [TR/TE]) help differentiate "cystic" from solid thymic masses. Cyst formation and/or hemorrhage appear as areas of high signal intensity(More)