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OBJECTIVE To describe an in vivo model in the rat in which change in weight distribution is used as a measure of disease progression and efficacy of acetaminophen and two nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in a model of monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS Intra-articular injections of MIA and saline were(More)
OBJECTIVE Medical professionals are often challenged by lack of patient compliance with pharmaceutical treatments. Research has shown that patients with diabetes have one of the lowest medication adherence rates at 65% to 85%. Some causes have been identified in the literature, but the influence of type of medication is unknown. This study assessed the(More)
Ceruloplasmin (CP), the major plasma anti-oxidant and copper transport protein, is synthesized in several tissues, including the brain. We compared regional brain concentrations of CP and copper between subjects with Alzheimer's disease (AD, n = 12), Parkinson's disease (PD, n = 14), Huntington's disease (HD, n = 11), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP, n(More)
OBJECTIVE Myostatin is an endogenous negative regulator of muscle growth and a novel target for muscle diseases. We conducted a safety trial of a neutralizing antibody to myostatin, MYO-029, in adult muscular dystrophies (Becker muscular dystrophy, facioscapulohumeral dystrophy, and limb-girdle muscular dystrophy). METHODS This double-blind,(More)
Oxidant-mediated damage is suspected to be involved in the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative disorders. Iron promotes conversion of hydrogen peroxide to hydroxyl radical and, thus, may contribute to oxidant stress. We measured iron and its transport protein transferrin in caudate, putamen, globus pallidus, substantia nigra, and frontal cortex of(More)
OBJECTIVE In the present study, we sought to develop/characterize the pain profile of a rat model of surgically induced osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS OA was surgically induced in male Lewis rats (200-225 g) by transection of the medial collateral ligament and medial meniscus of the femoro-tibial joint. In order to characterize the pain profile, animals(More)
Although the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) is unknown, altered brain antioxidative mechanisms have been found in both disorders. Ceruloplasmin (CP) and transferrin (TF) interact to limit concentrations of free ferrous iron (Fe2+), and thus play an important role in antioxidant defense in serum; both proteins are(More)
Complement activation is present in the brain in Alzheimer's disease (AD), and C1q concentrations are decreased in AD cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). To determine whether concentrations of other complement proteins are also altered in AD CSF, we measured concentrations of C3a and SC5b-9 in CSF from patients with probable AD (n = 19), normal aged controls (n =(More)
The proliferative response of murine lymphocytes to interleukin-2 (IL-2) was examined under physico-chemical conditions present in solid tumours, namely low oxygen and glucose concentrations and acidic pH. Lymphocytes were cultured for four days in 30 U ml-1 IL-2 to simulate serum IL-2 concentrations attainable with high-dose systemic IL-2 therapy.(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate health care resource use, costs, and cost drivers among patients with neuropathic pain (NeP) after spinal cord injury (SCI) in a commercially insured population. DESIGN Retrospective longitudinal cohort study comparing SCI patients with and without NeP. SETTING Truven Health MarketScan commercial claims database from 2005 through(More)