Paul L. Greenwood

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Deposition of intramuscular fat, or "marbling," in beef cattle contributes significantly to meat quality variables, including juiciness, flavor, and tenderness. The accumulation of intramuscular fat is largely influenced by the genetic background of cattle, as well as their age and nutrition. To identify genes that can be used as early biomarkers for the(More)
Severe, chronic growth retardation of cattle early in life reduces growth potential, resulting in smaller animals at any given age. Capacity for long-term compensatory growth diminishes as the age of onset of nutritional restriction resulting in prolonged growth retardation declines. Hence, more extreme intrauterine growth retardation can result in slower(More)
A study of the prevalence, spread and control of caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV) in dairy goat herds in New South Wales (NSW) during 1986-1988 found that 56.8% of 1484 goats in 14 dairy herds were infected with CAEV. The prevalence of CAEV infection within most herds not implementing control measures increased during the study. At the end of the(More)
The muscle fiber number and fiber composition of muscle is largely determined during prenatal development. In order to discover genes that are involved in determining adult muscle phenotypes, we studied the gene expression profile of developing fetal bovine longissimus muscle from animals with two different genetic backgrounds using a bovine cDNA(More)
BACKGROUND Despite modern technologies and novel computational approaches, decoding causal transcriptional regulation remains challenging. This is particularly true for less well studied organisms and when only gene expression data is available. In muscle a small number of well characterised transcription factors are proposed to regulate development.(More)
Relationships between temperament and a range of performance, carcass, and meat quality traits in young cattle were studied in 2 experiments conducted in New South Wales (NSW) and Western Australia (WA), Australia. In both experiments, growth rates of cattle were assessed during backgrounding on pasture and grain finishing in a feedlot. Carcass and(More)
This study investigated effects of birth weight and postnatal nutrition on organ growth in neonatal lambs. Suffolk x (Finnsheep x Dorset) low- (mean +/- SD 2.29 +/- 0.34 kg, n = 28) and high- (4.84 +/- 0.45 kg, n = 20) birth-weight male lambs were studied. Lambs within each birth weight category were allocated to be individually grown rapidly (ad libitum(More)
In order for livestock industries to consistently produce high quality meat, there must be an understanding of the factors that cause quality to vary, as well as the contribution of genetics. A brief overview of meat tenderness is presented to understand how genotype and environment may interact to influence this trait. Essentially, meat tenderness is(More)
We investigated the effects of birth weight and postnatal nutrition on growth characteristics of neonatal lambs. Low- and high-birth-weight male lambs were individually reared on a high-quality liquid diet to grow rapidly (ad libitum access to feed) or slowly (ADG 150 g) to various weights up to 20 kg live weight (LW). Average daily gain tended to be(More)
Intramuscular fat (IMF) can improve meat product quality through its impact on flavour and juiciness. High marbling cuts can command premium prices in some countries and grading systems, but there is substantial cost involved in choosing to grain feed animals in an effort to deposit more IMF. There would be value in developing methods to predict(More)