Paul L. Friedlander

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INTRODUCTION Recognition of extralaryngeal bifurcation of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) is crucial, because inadvertent intraoperative division may lead to significant morbidity. The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of extralaryngeal bifurcation of the RLN and the distance that the initial bifurcation occurs from the cricothyroid(More)
BACKGROUND The supraclavicular island flap has been used successfully for difficult facial reconstruction cases, providing acceptable results without using microsurgical techniques. The authors use this regional flap in reconstructing various head and neck oncologic defects that normally require traditional regional or free flaps to repair surgical wounds.(More)
OBJECTIVE Recently, we have noticed that a large number of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) are also infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV). A review of the literature has revealed no published studies examining this association. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence and epidemiology of HCV infection(More)
The ATM/p53 pathway plays a critical role in maintenance of genome integrity and can be targeted for inactivation by a number of characterized mechanisms including somatic genetic/epigenetic alterations and expression of oncogenic viral proteins. Here, we examine a panel of 24 SCCHN tumors using various molecular approaches for the presence of human(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS The extralaryngeal branching of recurrent laryngeal nerves (RLN) conveys an increased risk of nerve injury during thyroid surgery. We hypothesized that racial and gender variations in prevalence of branched RLN exist. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective review of all patients who underwent thyroid surgery in a 4-year period in a single(More)
Gene delivery of CD40 Ligand (CD40L) has shown promise in murine models of melanoma and adenocarcinoma; however, its potential for thoracic malignancies such as malignant mesothelioma remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the hypothesis that CD40L gene therapy would be effective in local and distant tumor suppression in mesothelioma using an(More)
BACKGROUND Primary peripheral nerve sheath tumors (PNSTs) of the thyroid gland are exceptionally rare tumors that usually present as asymptomatic neck nodules in adults. This article presents a literature review of these tumors. SUMMARY PNSTs of the thyroid can be classified into benign and malignant. Only three cases of malignant PNSTs have been(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study is to examine the correlation between weight, gender, and race with external branch of superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN) visualization. Furthermore, we compared normative EBSLN neural-monitoring values to those of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN). STUDY DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING North American tertiary academic(More)
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS Infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a global problem with over 170 million people infected. Recently, we have noticed that a large number of patients diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) have also been diagnosed with HCV. A review of the literature reveals little information concerning this(More)