Paul L Deangelis

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Hyaluronan synthases (HASs) are glycosyltransferases that catalyze polymerization of hyaluronan found in vertebrates and certain microbes. HASs transfer two distinct monosaccharides in different linkages and, in certain cases, participate in polymer transfer out of the cell. In contrast, the vast majority of glycosyltransferases form only one sugar linkage.(More)
The hasA gene from Streptococcus equisimilis, which encodes the enzyme hyaluronan synthase, has been expressed in Bacillus subtilis, resulting in the production of hyaluronic acid (HA) in the 1-MDa range. Artificial operons were assembled and tested, all of which contain the hasA gene along with one or more genes encoding enzymes involved in the synthesis(More)
Since we first reported (DeAngelis, P. L., Papaconstantinou, J., and Weigel, P. H. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 19181-19184) the cloning of the hyaluronan (HA) synthase from Streptococcus pyogenes (spHAS), numerous membrane-bound HA synthases have been discovered in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. The HASs are unique among enzymes studied to date because(More)
The polysaccharide hyaluronan (HA) is a ubiquitous component of the vertebrate extracellular matrix with diverse physiological roles from space-filling to acting as a scaffold for other macromolecules. The molecular interactions responsible for these solution properties have been the subject of much debate and, primarily due to the lack of residue-specific(More)
Hyaluronan (or hyaluronic acid or hyaluronate; HA) is a polysaccharide found in the extracellular matrix of vertebrate tissues and in the surface coating of certain Streptococcus and Pasteurella bacterial pathogens. At least one algal virus directs its host to produce HA on the cell surface early in infection. HA synthases (HASs) are the enzymes that(More)
The length of the hyaluronan (HA) polysaccharide chain dictates its biological effects in many cellular and tissue systems. Long and short HA polymers often appear to have antagonistic or inverse effects. However, no source of very defined, uniform HA polymers with sizes greater than 10 kDa is currently available. We present a method to produce synthetic HA(More)
Heparosan (-GlcUA-beta1,4-GlcNAc-alpha1,4-)(n) is a member of the glycosaminoglycan polysaccharide family found in the capsule of certain pathogenic bacteria as well as the precursor for the vertebrate polymers, heparin and heparan sulfate. The two heparosan synthases from the Gram-negative bacteria Pasteurella multocida, PmHS1 and PmHS2, were efficiently(More)
The hyaluronan (HA) synthase of Group A Streptococci has been identified by transposon mutagenesis and deletion analysis. The genes for the HA synthase and a recently identified UDP-Glc dehydrogenase (Dougherty, B. A., and van de Rijn, I. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 7118-7124) reside on a contiguous stretch of 3.2-kilobase pair DNA that can direct HA(More)
Hyaluronan (HA), a long linear polymer composed of alternating glucuronic acid and N-acetylglucosamine residues, is an essential polysaccharide in vertebrates and a putative virulence factor in certain microbes. All known HA synthases utilize UDP-sugar precursors. Previous reports describing the HA synthase enzymes from Streptococcus bacteria and mammals,(More)
Type A Pasteurella multocida, an animal pathogen, employs a hyaluronan [HA] capsule to avoid host defenses. PmHAS, the 972-residue membrane-associated hyaluronan synthase, catalyzes the transfer of both GlcNAc and GlcUA to form the HA polymer. To define the catalytic and membrane-associated domains, pmHAS mutants were analyzed. PmHAS1-703 is a soluble,(More)