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The MDM2 oncoprotein is a cellular inhibitor of the p53 tumor suppressor in that it can bind the transactivation domain of p53 and downregulate its ability to activate transcription. In certain cancers, MDM2 amplification is a common event and contributes to the inactivation of p53. The crystal structure of the 109-residue amino-terminal domain of MDM2(More)
Recent structural studies of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family extracellular regions have identified an unexpected mechanism for ligand-induced receptor dimerization that has important implications for activation and inhibition of these receptors. Here we describe the 2.8 angstroms resolution X-ray crystal structure of the antigen binding (Fab)(More)
The insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) is overexpressed in many diverse tumor types and is a critical signaling molecule for tumor cell proliferation and survival. Therapeutic strategies targeting the IGF-IR may therefore be effective broad-spectrum anticancer agents. Through screening of a Fab phage display library, we have generated a fully(More)
Vaccinia DNA topoisomerase breaks and rejoins DNA strands through a DNA-(3'-phosphotyrosyl)-enzyme intermediate. A C-terminal catalytic domain, Topo(81-314), suffices for transesterification chemistry. The domain contains a constellation of five amino acids, conserved in all eukaryotic type IB topoisomerases, that catalyzes attack of the tyrosine(More)
Heparanase is an enzyme that cleaves heparan sulfate chains of proteoglycans, and its expression has been associated with increased growth, metastasis, and angiogenesis of some tumors. Because myeloma tumor cells express high levels of the syndecan-1 heparan sulfate proteoglycan and because these tumors grow as highly vascularized aggregates within the bone(More)
We generated three fully human monoclonal antibody antagonists against fibroblast growth factor receptor-1 (FGFR1) that potently block FGF signaling. We found that antibodies targeting the c-splice form of the receptor (FGFR1c) were anorexigenic when administered intraperitoneally three times weekly to mice, resulting in rapid, dose-dependent weight loss(More)
Although widespread skeletal dissemination is a critical step in the progression of myeloma, little is known regarding mechanisms that control metastasis of this cancer. Heparanase-1 (heparanase), an enzyme that cleaves heparan sulfate chains, is expressed at high levels in some patients with myeloma and promotes metastasis of some tumor types (eg, breast,(More)
The insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) is overexpressed in many diverse tumor types and is a critical signaling molecule for tumor cell proliferation and survival. Therapeutic strategies targeting the IGF-IR may therefore be effective broad-spectrum anticancer agents. Through screening of a Fab phage display library, we have generated a fully(More)
Recently, the concept of behavioral teratology has evolved. In animal models, prenatal exposure to low doses of psychotropics (e.g., methadone, diazepam) results in abnormal development of behavior. Furthermore, in animals, pre- and perinatal exposure to psychoactive drugs results in altered brain neurochemistry. In humans, similar behavioral and(More)
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