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The MDM2 oncoprotein is a cellular inhibitor of the p53 tumor suppressor in that it can bind the transactivation domain of p53 and downregulate its ability to activate transcription. In certain cancers, MDM2 amplification is a common event and contributes to the inactivation of p53. The crystal structure of the 109-residue amino-terminal domain of MDM2(More)
We have cloned a gene (HSE1) from a human placental cDNA library that encodes a novel protein exhibiting heparanase activity. The cDNA was identified through peptide sequences derived from purified heparanase isolated from human SK-HEP-1 hepatoma cells. HSE1 contains an open reading frame encoding a predicted polypeptide of 543 amino acids and possesses a(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRalpha) is a type III receptor tyrosine kinase that is expressed on a variety of tumor types. A neutralizing monoclonal antibody to human PDGFRalpha, which did not cross-react with the beta form of the receptor, was generated. The fully human antibody, termed 3G3, has a Kd of 40 pmol/L and blocks both(More)
The insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) is overexpressed in many diverse tumor types and is a critical signaling molecule for tumor cell proliferation and survival. Therapeutic strategies targeting the IGF-IR may therefore be effective broad-spectrum anticancer agents. Through screening of a Fab phage display library, we have generated a fully(More)
Vascular endothelial-cadherin (VE-cadherin) is an endothelial cell-specific adhesion molecule that is localized exclusively at cell-cell contacts referred to as adherens junctions. VE-cadherin-mediated adhesion is crucial for proper assembly of vascular structures during angiogenesis as well as for maintenance of a normal vascular integrity. We have shown(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors (VEGFR) have been implicated in promoting solid tumor growth and metastasis via stimulating tumor-associated angiogenesis. We recently showed that certain 'liquid' tumors such as leukemia not only produce VEGF, but also express functional VEGFR, resulting in an autocrine loop for tumor growth and(More)
Recent structural studies of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family extracellular regions have identified an unexpected mechanism for ligand-induced receptor dimerization that has important implications for activation and inhibition of these receptors. Here we describe the 2.8 angstroms resolution X-ray crystal structure of the antigen binding (Fab)(More)
Plasma HDL are a negative risk factor for atherosclerosis. Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP; 476 amino acids) transfers cholesteryl ester from HDL to other lipoproteins. Subjects with homozygous CETP deficiency caused by a gene splicing defect have markedly elevated HDL; however, heterozygotes have only mild increases in HDL. We describe two(More)
Vaccinia DNA topoisomerase breaks and rejoins DNA strands through a DNA-(3'-phosphotyrosyl)-enzyme intermediate. A C-terminal catalytic domain, Topo(81-314), suffices for transesterification chemistry. The domain contains a constellation of five amino acids, conserved in all eukaryotic type IB topoisomerases, that catalyzes attack of the tyrosine(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether agonist anti-platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (anti-PDGFRalpha) antibodies are present in the serum of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma). METHODS Sera were obtained from healthy subjects and scleroderma patients. An electrochemiluminescence binding assay was performed for detection of serum(More)